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Volume 9 Issue 5

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Time Management Counselling Intervention for Undergraduate Students with Academic Stress

Authors : Obi O. P., Nicholas I. J.

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Abstract :

This study examined the effect of Time Management Counselling Intervention (TMCI) on the reduction of academic stress among undergraduate students. The study adopted quasi-experimental research design employing non randomized pretest, posttest control group design. Subjects were 32 undergraduate students from a university in Nigeria whose scores were high on the Student Academic Stress Indices (SASI) and low on Management of Academic Time Index (MATI). Student Academic Stress Indices and Management of Academic Time Index were developed by the researchers with reliability indices of 0.85 and 0.78, respectively and were considered suitable for the study. Those in the treatment group were exposed to time management counselling intervention (TMCI) in six sessions of approximately 45 minutes each. The control group was a waitlist group.  Data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for the research questions and t-test for the null hypotheses. The results revealed that those in TMCI group had greater effect in reducing academic stress than the control at posttest and even at one-month follow-up.  Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that professional counsellors should expose students to time management counselling interventions especially those with high academic stress.

01-05
2

Title : Analysis of Climate Variables and Resource Conflict in Benue State, Nigeria

Authors : Abugu Nkechinyere Anthonia, Odele Muyiwa, Ogah TA, Yaro Ahmed Bello

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Abstract :

There is sparse literature on climate variables and resource conflictin Benue State, Nigeria despite numerous link of climate change and resource conflict. The objectives were to assess the trends in temperature and rainfall in Benue State from 2010-2019; assess the trends in resource conflict resource conflict between farmers and herdsmen and relate the climatic pattern with the pattern of resource conflict between farmers and herdsmen. Data on frequency of resource conflict were collected from the report of Nigeria Police Force, Nigeria watch data base and Newspapers. Data on climate variables were collected from NiMET office in Benue State.  Data were presented in tables and analyzed using statistical technique. Trend in climate variables and resource conflict were analyzed using range, mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, time series and regression while correlation coefficient and t test was used to relate climate variables to conflict occurrence. Result shows that the annual maximum temperature ranged from 30.52-37.06OC with mean of value 32.73 OC. The annual minimum temperature ranged from 19.98-23.01OC with mean value of 21.43 OC. The annual rainfall total ranged from 951.43-1818.70mm with mean value of 1358.88mm. The maximum temperature has a positive trend(Y=0.105x+ 32.73) while minimum temperature shows negative trend(Y= -0.054x+ 21.43). There were insignificant positive correlations between climate variables and occurrence of conflict.   Thus, Ho “there is no significant relationship between climate variables and occurrence of armed conflict is accepted at 95% significant level further study should be conducted on other casual factors of climate change.

06-13
3

Title : Effect of Organic Manure on the Growth and Yield of Fluted Pumpkin (Telfairia Occidentalis Hook. F.) in Unwana

Authors : Umekwe P.N., Eneruvie B.E., Okpani F.M.

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Abstract :

An experiment was conducted at teaching, demonstration and research (TDR) farm of Department of Horticulture and Landscape Technology, Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana-Afikpo during 2018 cropping season, to evaluate the effect of organic manure on the growth and yield of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook. F.) in Unwana. Three different organic manures (cow dung, poultry droppings and goat manure) were used. The treatments were laid in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Parameters measured were: vine length, number of leaves, number of vines, leaf area, stem girth, fresh weight of leaves and leaf yield. The result of the experiment showed significant differences (P=0.05) in vine length, number of leaves, number of vines, weight of leaves and leaf yield. The longest vine (156.40cm), highest number of leaves (36.93), highest number of vine (11.76), fresh weight of leaves (2.083kg) and leaf yield (94.80ton/ha) was recorded at poultry manure plot. Control plot obtained the least values in all parameters assessed. Therefore, based on the result of this finding, it is hereby recommended that the use of poultry manure should be adopted by farmers for profitable fluted pumpkin production in the study area.

14-17
4

Title : Effect of Sulphate Ion Concentration on the Extraction of Uranium (VI) From Buffered Solutions of 1-Phenyl-3-Methyl-4-Trichloroacetyl Pyrazolone-5

Authors : Victoria Bennett, Bamidele Martin Amos-Tautua, Ayasen Jermaine Kemeakegha, Nimibofa Ayawei

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Chloroform solutions of 1-Phenyl-3-Methyl-4-Trichloroacetylpyrazolone-5 (HTCP) for the extraction of Uranium (VI) from various buffered solutions containing different sulphate ion concentrations was investigated. Colorimetric method was used to determine Uranium (VI) concentrations in aqueous media. Uranium (VI) was not extracted between pH 0 – 2 and it was attributed to the formation of unextractablesulphateuranyl (UO2)SO4 complex. Optimum extraction of U(VI) of 88.70 % at pH 3.21 for solutions containing 0.01 M SO42-,  76.84 % at pH 3.4 for solutions containing 0.1 M SO42- and 41.24 % at pH 3.48 for solutions containing 1 M SO42- was recorded. An increase in sulphate ion concentration decreased the optimum extraction of U(VI) from chloroform solutions of 1-Phenyl-3-Methyl-4-Trichloroacetylpyrazolone-5, thus sulphate ion concentration in buffered solutions had a masking effect on the extraction of U(VI). An adduct complex of the metal characterized as UO2(TCP) was extracted with a metal ratio of 1:1

18-22
5

Title : Effect of Debit Cards on Financial Performance of Listed Commercial Banks in Kenya

Authors : Tom Oboke Ndhine, Dr. Patrick Kibati, Dr. Bowen C. Jeptepkeny

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Financial institutions have been in the process of significant transformation. Despite this transformation, even though there’s a richness of information on the nature and scope of electronic banking, via debit card, there is a scarcity of evidence about its contribution among banks. The changing dynamics of banking means that banks’ performance is no longer solely dependent on sales. The adoption of debit card by commercial banks is expected to have an effect on their financial performance asconsumers assess the safety of payment instruments and payment choices.The study was grounded on the theory of information production and contemporary banking theory, Innovation diffusion theory. The study adopted descriptive research design utilizing panel data covering the period from 2009-2019.The population comprised of eleven listed commercial banks operating in Kenya. This study primarily adopted the use of secondary data to collect information from published annual financial statements of the listed commercial banks. Data analysis was done using SPSS, while data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics obtained from panel linear regression analysis. Regression statistics was used to determine the significance of the relationship between variables. The results showed that increased in debit card usage enhance the profitability of banking industry in form of ROA over the period of 2009 to 2019 quarterly. The results also showed that increased usage of debit cards significantly reduced transaction costs and enhanced convenience among credit and debit card users. This thus attracted prospective customers leading to increased sales and profitability. Thestudy recommended that commercial banks should reduce transaction costs of payment channels to increase adoption. This will have a positive impact on the financial performance commercial banks in the country. The study also recommends that commercial banks should understand the mechanism of safety perception and payment behavior which might further help policymakers and central bankers preserve consumers’ confidence in the safety of the payment system.

 

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6

Title : Effectiveness of Police Security Measures in Addressing Violent Extremism in Mombasa County, Kenya

Authors : Martin Otieno Omumbo

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Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of security measures by the police in addressing violent extremism in Mombasa County, Kenya

Methodology: The study adopted both quantitative and qualitative method through application of questionnaires and personal interviews. The targeted population was 1693 comprising of police officers, prisons officers, and religious and civil society leaders. A sample of 10% was picked from the group using simple random, snowballing and purposive sampling. The data was analyzed through thematic review of the literature gathered and descriptive frequencies, pie charts and Bar graphs using Statistical Program for Social Sciences (SPSS). The findings were presented in a scientific report for examination.

Findings: Physical security measures were only suitable for short term preventions whereas non-physical measures provided better solutions to violent extremism. Radicalization by radical clerics was established to the main driver to violent extremism. The authorities need the local communities in the fight against violent extremism through counter narratives and rehabilitation programs. Inadequate resources and training were major challenges to the police.

Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: The study is grounded on the Program theory by Chen (1990). The key idea of the theory is the influence of a program on the level of outcomes. The study endorsed the application of various measures against terrorism. It recommended the hardening of soft targets such as crowded public places through security guard frisks, walk through security scanners, surveillance cameras and improved access controls. The police and members of the public should partner more in control of violent extremism. The major stakeholders including but not limited to County governments, community leaders, interior ministry in charge of security, ministry of finance, the Kenya National Police Service and the National Counter Terrorism Centre to work together build police capacity to manage violent extremism.

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7

Title : Assessment of the Implementation of the Environmental Management Plan of the Gurara Multi-Purpose Dam in Kaduna State Nigeria

Authors : Ahmed Yero Bello, T. A Ogah, Magaji JI, Abugu N.A

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Despite the credibility of EIA in predicting and mitigating environmental impact of development projects like dam, Gurara dam has continues to cause environmental degradation. This study assessed the implementation of the Environmental Management Plan (EMP) of the Gurara Dam in Kaduna State Nigeria. The objectives of the study are to assess the implementation of mitigation measures for: air quality deterioration; noise and vibration and changes in hydrological patterns and water quality.To achieve the objectives, the EIA report of Gurara Multipurpose Dam Project was reviewed to identify the predicted impact andmitigationmeasures in the EIA report. Then field survey was conducted to evaluate the implementation using questionnaire survey, observation, interview, and focus   group discussion. This study selected five hundred (500) respondents for household questionnaire administration and twenty-three participants for Focused Group Discussion and interview using purposive, systematic and panel sampling techniques.  Data collected were analsyed using descriptive statistics frequency distribution tables, percentage, mean standard deviation and Coefficient of Variation.Results showed that three hundred and twenty-nine (329) respondents representing 65.8% agreed that the enlisted mitigation measures to prevent air pollution were implemented; two hundred and eight respondents representing 41.65% agreed that the enlisted mitigation measures to prevent noise and vibration were implemented and that one hundred and seventy-six respondents representing 35.1% agreed that the enlisted mitigation measures to prevent changes in hydrological patterns and water quality were implemented. It was concluded that the implementation of the outlined mitigation measures in the Gurara dam EIA report fall short of the arrangement in the Environmental Management Plan. It was recommended among other things that stakeholders should play their roles properly to ensure that mitigation measures in the Gurara are well implemented.

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8

Title : Factors Influencing ICT Integration in Resource Planning In Secondary Schools in Mashuuru District, Kajiado County, Kenya

Authors : Asibah Everlyne M Kerubo, Dr Rose Obae, Ferdinand Mbeche, Joseph Ndung'u Karanja

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This study sought to investigate factors influencing ICT integration in resource planning in secondary schools in Mashuuru district, Kajiado County. Specifically, the study sought to determine the influence of teachers’ perception and establish the influence of principals’ age, all in the integration of ICT in resource planning in secondary schools. The study employed descriptive survey design with both qualitative and quantitative approaches targeting 13 secondary schools, 13 school principals and 226 teachers. A sample of 88 respondents was randomly selected to participate in the study, while 13 principals were purposefully selected and interviewed for argumentation purposes of the study findings. From the findings it revealed that the respondents had moderate positive perception towards the ICT integration in resource planning in schools. Teachers perceived that ICT saves time, helps them accomplish many tasks within a short time, eases lesson preparation, teachers generally like it, is efficient in producing reports, it is not hectic nor complicated to use and helps them accomplish much within a short times with a mean level of 3.28, 3.23,3.22, 3.11, 3.08, 2.82 and 2.80 respectively. The average mean was 3.08 implying a moderate level of positive perception among the teachers on the use of ICT in the resource planning of the school. The regression model’s adjusted R-squared was 0.043 , in which explains (4.3%) of the teachers perception factor influencing integration of ICT in resource planning. The regression model’s adjusted R- squared was 21.9 as which explains (21.9%) of the resource planning as influenced by the age of the schools principals as an independent variable. This therefore, explains (21.9%) of the Principals’ age factor affecting ICT integration in resource planning. Hence, the remaining (36.9%) should be explained by other factors not captured in this study. The study concluded that influence of teachers’ perception on ICT integration in resource planning and Principals’ age greatly influence the integration of ICT in resource planning in secondary schools. It was concluded that teachers, school managers, the education officials and the government should work hand in hand to make sure that ICT infrastructure are availed and the staff gets adequate training in order to enhance ICT integration in resource planning in secondary schools.

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