T R A C K       P A P E R

Login Panel

Close tab

Password Meter

Volume 9 Issue 3

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Investigating the Role of Institutions to Curb Loss of Valued Information Resources In The Face Of Terrorist Attacks in Academic Libraries in North Eastern Nigeria

Authors : Danji - Fari Yahaya

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The paper highlights the felt need of the tertiary institutions in the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, north-eastern Nigeria where a state of emergency was declared due to the prevalence of terrorist attacks on institutions, where lives and properties were lost. Eliciting information from these tertiary institutions relied on structured (close-ended questionnaire) so to harvest the varied opinions that was anticipated to contribute to addressing the challenges of loss. Well sort solutions, way forward, prospects and benefits of environmental scanning formed part of the information asked, and what to do to save the institutions from monumental loss leveraging on different perspectives.  Recommendations offered were based on SWOT analysis. The intent was to encourage the academic libraries to take note of the internal and external environments, because from the two platforms comes help of identifying the strength, weakness, opportunity and threats that a well categorized scan avails as well as suggesting appropriate and implementable measures.

01-05
2

Title : Transforming Nigeria's Agricultural Value Chain

Authors : Usman Philemon Gidanmana

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Agriculture has the potential to transform the economic indices in Nigeria to a positive one and shore up the country's earnings. To be sure, agriculture was the backbone of Nigeria's economy before crude oil was discovered in the early 1970s. In the first decade since independence in 1960, the agriculture sector accounted for an average of 57% of GDP (CBN, 2008) and generated 64.5% of the country's export earnings (Verter & Becvarova, 2016). However, from 1970 to late 2000s, agriculture sector's contribution to GDP and export earnings had steadily plummeted, since Nigeria's focus shifted to oil exploration. From 2012, the sector has contributed an average of 23.5% to GDP and generated a meager 5.1% of export earnings (NBS, 2016). The recent fall in crude oil prices and corresponding rise in agriculture products prices (barrel of crude oil @US$55.83 and barrel of palm oil @US$95) has triggered serious conversations on the critical role agriculture has to play in diversifying the economy. "Agriculture is the new oil" is one sentence that has been reverberating around the country since 2011. Two key determinants of growth in agriculture are: increase in yield per hectare and land expansion. While land expansion has thrived and driven growth in agriculture in Nigeria, yield per hectare has been low because of poor and limited farming inputs such as seedlings, pesticides and fertilizers. Processing and marketing activities have been plagued by poor infrastructure, low investment and unfavorable government policies. This paper argues that the country's agriculture sector  is in urgent need of massive investments that will upgrade the production and processing segments, and stimulate value addition across most critical segments of the value chain. To analyze Nigeria's agricultural value chain, this paper focuses on cocoa and dairy as case studies. The author makes a strong case for the upgrade of the production and processing segments of the value chain. FAO opines that an increase in supply of improved seedlings, pesticides and fertilizers can significantly increase Nigeria's production scope for cocoa by 70% which is presently at 248,000 tonnes per annum. Introducing appropriate tariff on cocoa beans will not only stifle its sale by opportunistic merchants who offer a higher premium than processors, but has significant scope for raising the percentage of processed cocoa from its current 30%. This way, the country can upgrade processing in the cocoa value chain, create jobs and generate higher income for processed cocoa, up from the 2014 level of US$144m. Dairy is a major import for Nigeria and accounted for 6% of total food import in 2016. With a consumption rate of 1.7million tonnes per annum, Nigeria produces only 0.6million tonnes per annum, which necessitates the spending of an average of US$480m on imports annually to close the production deficit. This paper has identified production as a key upgrade segment in the dairy value chain and recommends breed improvement as strategy to beef up dairy production. It also recommends the establishment of suitable grazing reserves, milk collection centers, provision of extension services, improved access to pasture and water to enhance dairy production. Lastly, the author recommends stronger integration between pastoralists and processors as this will promote import substitution and stimulate production. 

06-12
3

Title : Nigeria's Public External Debt and Economic Growth: Reconsidering the Empirics

Authors : Nora Inyang, Ubong Effiong

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This study examined the influence of external debt on the economic growth of Nigeria using annual time series that span through the period 1981 to 2019. The study employed the Augmented Dickey-Fuller test for unit root; ARDL Bounds test for cointegration; and the error correction model (ECM) to tie the short-run equilibrium to the long-run. The unit root test revealed that the variables were stationary in mixed order of integration necessitating the use of the ARDL Bounds test for cointegration. The ARDL Bounds test revealed that there is a long-run relationship between economic growth and the explanatory variables in the model. In the ECM, the effect of the external debt was disaggregated into debt burden, debt overhang, and debt crowding out effect. From the findings, debt burden posed a positive but insignificant effect on economic growth implying that external debt can be growth inducing. However, debt overhang and debt crowding out effect exerted a negative and significant effect on economic growth. From the Error Correction Model, 72.4% of the short-run disequilibrium is corrected annually to return the model back to equilibrium in the long-run. Model had a high goodness of fit whereby the explanatory variables explained 87.50% of the total variations in economic growth. The paper recommended that there is need to gear external debt to sound investments outlets to avoid the negative effects that misappropriation of such resources can pose.

13-20
4

Title : The Possible use of Some Moroccans Medicinal Plants for their Antiviral Activity against SARS-CoV-2- A Review

Authors : Y. Lahlou, B. El Amraoui, T. Bamhaoud

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Until now, (13/09/2020), the Covid-19 pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV–2, has infected more than 29 million people worldwide and is responsible for at least 920.808 deaths, Since the outbreak of the disease in for the first time in Wuhan, in China, on December 31, 2019. This pandemic has also several repercussions on the daily life of man, at the economic, social and psychological levels. The need to develop effective treatment against SARS-CoV-2 is the major objective of all countries, so far a hundred global laboratories are competing to produce a vaccine against Coronavirus, Russia has announced it has developed the first vaccine against the coronavirus named "Sputnik", in China researchers say they have already developed a test phase treatment would accelerate the cure and also temporarily immunize against Covid-19. Japan, USA, Australia, France, UK and Germany are also trying to find a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 based on existing drugs (antimalarial drugs, anti-HIV drugs...). Bearing, no drug has been detected to treat 100% new coronavirus to date. Faced with this situation, medicinal plants in Morocco constitute an immense reserve of molecules that can have antiviral activities. Moroever, herbal medicine in Morocco has always been used in the field of traditional medicine, the WHO estimates that traditional medicine covers the primary health care needs of 80% of the world’s population. Despite the development of the synthetic drug, the plant drug would generally be better tolerated by the body, thus allowing for prolonged treatments and minor side effects. Several compounds, such as flavonoids, from medicinal plants have been reported to have antiviral activities. The present study is aimed at employing bibliographic research in scientific databases on articles and thesis published in this subject, to screen phytochemicals from Moroccan medicinal plants targeting the SARS-CoV2 for identification of antiviral therapeutics. The results promise that some moroccan medicinal plant, can be developed into pharmaceutical drugs for the production of vaccin anti SARS-Cov-2.

21-32
5

Title : Urachal Adenocarcinoma: About 3 cases

Authors : I Adrif , S Daoudi, N Filali, S Ouguellit, H Abbahssain, H Mrabti, H Errihani

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This is a retrospective study conducted at the national institute of oncology in rabat over a period of 10 years, between 2007 and 2017, 3 cases of urachal adenocarcinoma were collected during this period.We analyzed the clinical, histological, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of this unusual tumor. They were a woman and 2 men, whose average age was 47 years. 2 of the 3 patients were smokers. The main tell-tale sign was gross hematuria. All patients received palliative chemotherapy and overall survival was 33.3% at 2 years.

33-34
6

Title : A Review of Issues on the Importance of Creating and Sustaining a Positive School Climate to Enhance Academic Excellence in Secondary Schools in Kenya

Authors : Richard Maite Sigilai

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

A positive school climate is a means to reducing school violence and inappropriate behaviour; and is created by students, teachers, the principals and the parents. Although the behaviour of teachers and students contribute to the kind of climate in a school, the principal’s behaviour and practices are the main determinants of the climate that exists in schools. Their behaviours and practices can hinder or foster positive school climate. This is because both the learners and teachers, among other stakeholders, look up to the principalsfor leadership, motivation and development. This paper is based on a review of existing literature on the importance of creating and sustaining a positive school climate that enhances academic excellence in secondary schools. The methodology adopted, is theoretical, as the paper engages in interpreting the relationship between the behaviours and practices of the principals, teachers and leaners, among other stakeholders in order to create and sustain a positive school climate. The greatest challengefacing the principals is to maintain high standards of academics and character of students so that they can get the best in examinations. From the information discussed in this paper, the ministry of education, among other stakeholders, should organize workshops and expose the principals to all the details of a positive school climate in order to realize academic excellence in secondary schools.

35-40
7

Title : Pattern of Public Expenditure in Nigeria: Excessive or Responsive

Authors : ADEBANWA Ayowole Abayomi, RUFAI Aliyu Akorede, MARTINS Bolaji Adeolu

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This study empirically investigates the pattern of Federal government’s expenditure in Nigeria, as to resolving the arguments in the literature, as to whether government spending pattern is excessive or recessive. The study employed the Wagner’s theoretical framework and the model is estimated with time series data from 1980 to 2018, using the aggregate government expenditure on General Administration; Social and community services; Economic services and Transfers. Ordinary Least Square (OLS) was used to estimate the numerical values of the parameters of the model. Unit root test was conducted to establish the stationarity of the variables while post –estimation tests were conducted to test for normality, heteroscedasticity and auto correlation.

From the descriptive statistics, the kurtosis of 2.26 (which is less than 3) showed that government spending in Nigeria, tends to be excessive as aggregate spending on transfers is highly skewed while the all the explanatory variables have joint significant influence of the rise in government expenditure, as Wagner posited.

Based on the findings, the study recommends the need for government to reduce aggregate expenditure on Transfers as a result, blocking several leakages in the Nigerian economy, which are capable of truncating the pursuit of macro-economic goals in Nigeria.  

41-48
8

Title : E-Governance and Service Delivery in the Nigeria Civil Service

Authors : Obi Helen Obiageli, Uzor Obiora Anthony, Chukwurah Daniel Chi Junior

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The advent of information communication technology has made the activities of government more accessible to the governed while the traditional barrier of distance becomes tractable through the modern approach of communication. Application of e-governance has been a potent instrument in easy spreading of information, consultation, and enhancing citizen’s participation, sending feedback to the citizens, monitoring and evaluating government projects and making government accountable and transparent in its total political engagements. This paper is therefore an attempt at determining the extent e-governance implementation has enhanced administrative efficiency in the Nigeria Civil Service and to ascertain whether the implementation of e-governance has helped to reduce corruption in the Nigeria Civil Service. The paper relied on modernization theory and qualitative research method as data that formed major part of the study were generated from secondary sources. Findings reveal that e-governance has made service delivery easier which is evident in the ways and manner the old methods have been transformed and researchers recommend for Nigeria’s public service to show high level of e-readiness in their operations on one part and government adequate provision of necessary infrastructure; enact Information and Communication Technology for successful implementation on the other part.

49-59
9

Title : Student Preference on Choice of Higher Education Institutions: A Case Study of Laikipia University, Kenya

Authors : Robert Bisonga Mwebi

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

In the recent past, unprecedented competition has been witnessed among universities in Kenya aimed at attracting qualified students. This competition comes against a backdrop of a thinning pool of qualified students joining universities as a result of the reforms in the examination system of 2015. In view of this, universities across the nation have devised unique strategies aimed at attracting more students into joining them.  Since the enactment of the university act No 42 of 2012 which created the Kenya Universities and Colleges Central Placement Services (KUCCPS), university admissions have been more flexible than it was under the Joint Admissions Board (JAB), the predecessor of KUCCPS. Nowadays, students who qualify to join university under government sponsored programmes are only placed into the courses and universities of their choice albeit competitively. There is more flexibility in this admission process in the sense that students who do not get placed based on their first choice of selection are given first and second chances to revise the choice of courses and/ or university where they can be admitted to pursue university education.  Extant literature reveals that universities do not get students based on their declared capacity. Statistics show that some universities are allocated more students than others thus leading to the question; why do some universities get allocated more students than others? This study therefore aimed at establishing factors influencing potential students in selecting a university as their academic destination of study taking the first-year students admitted during the 2019/2020 academic year of Laikipia University as a case study.  Anchored on William Glasser’s Choice Theory, the study targeted a population of first year students admitted during the 2019/2020 academic year (N = 1311) from which a questionnaire was administered to a sample of 500 students who were randomly selected during the orientation week. The findings of the study revealed among others that the main channels through which the first-year students got to know about the university were through the university website (46%), colleagues (43%) high school teachers (31%), social media (30%), parents/guardians (28%).  Notably, newspapers (8%) and television (10%) had little contribution towards enhancing visibility of the university.  Further, it was established that quality of education services (34%) and a conducive study environment (27%) were the main factors that influenced students in selecting Laikipia University. This study concludes that universities that have a competitive edge over others are those that have strategically positioned themselves in the global education space through quality research output, quality faculty, good reputation, niche programmes, quality of graduates, general ambience of the study atmosphere, quality of education offered and have enhanced visibility through use of online and offline marketing strategies in reaching prospective students

60-65
10

Title : Application of Technology in Strengthening Collaboration in Research, Teaching and Learning for African Universities in the post COVID-19 Era

Authors : George Raburu

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The collaboration and sharing of teaching and technology among universities is increasingly perceived as a vehicle to improve quality in education and innovation through knowledge exchange. The discussion explores how virtual environment can be optimised for use as a common vehicle for enhancing research and collaboration in a virtual environment in Africa. The study recommends the use of a virtual platform that offers solutions to the challenges encountered by Universities within Africa (Eastern, Central, Southern or Western) in implementing a unified curricula, collaborating in research and teaching. The study documents the developing global challenges such as; the ongoing restrictions on keeping social distance due to COVID-19, the duplication of curricula, funding of research, lack of adequate experts in various programmes and new market demands.

The paper proposes a virtual platform (VP)that will offer room for collaborating universities to to formulate and developing  National and Regional policies that govern theenvironment.

Background

COVID-19 will leave no sector in any country in the world unaffected, and its consequences will be felt for years to come and higher Education is not an exception. Currently, most schools in Africa are struggling to accomplish the unfinished syllabi using radio, TVs and other technologies considered appropriate to substitute the face to face approach that the prevailing situation has brought to its knee, Higher education institutions have no option but to establish and improve their information and communications technology (ICT) to deliver their programmes online at a distance to their enrolled students. The universities who have been dependant on projects funded from the west and the east have to rethink first on how such on-going projects will be accomplished. The economic impact left behind by Covid-19 may no longer enable such funding.The collaboration in research and sharing of curriculum and teaching among universities in Africa will be utilized in the post Covid-19 era to address the challenges left behind. This can be carried out by producing and sharing of;common quality curricula resources within and between regions, between different countries or between universities. Curriculum sharing can effectively improve the student’s basic knowledge structure, however, there is limited help in improving their professional knowledge (Li and Wei, 2015). “It may be part of human nature to create solutions, find better alternatives and meet the challenges ahead”. It is further argued thatGood policies and procedures play an important role in safeguarding quality(Kohn, Corrigan, & Donaldson, 2000).  The use of an effective virtual platform in universities would be of great benefit in addressing the challenge of inadequate qualified staff, the increasing learner population, and unenhanced regional and research collaboration. 

66-68
11

Title : Key Issues in Internet Governance

Authors : George Raburu, Lawrence Dinga

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Internet is network of remotely or physically connected computers or computer devices that are able to interact. Numerous activities take place on the internet.  The processes of decision making on what activities are to be implemented or not implemented on the internet depending on their impact on the immediate environment constitutes the internet governance. Hence Internet governance refers to processes that are designed to ensure accountability, transparency, responsiveness, legality, morality, stability, equity and inclusiveness, empowerment, and broad-based participation in the use of internet. Internet spurs digital transformation in unlocking the potential digital government into data-driven smart government capable of driving policies and services of public interest and public value (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.giq.2018.09.007).  This paper analyses the key technical and public policy issues (rules, procedures and user expectations)   that are considered relevant to users of internet. The paper is aimed at providing guide to organizations, researchers and individuals on the key issues that needs to be considered when striving for good internet governance. 

69-75
12

Title : Job Satisfaction and Organizational Climate as Correlates of Teacher Effectiveness and Turnover Intention in Private Secondary Schools in North Central Zone of Nigeria

Authors : Egbe-Okpenge E. G., Adejoh G. O., Emaikwu S. O., Obinne A. D. E.

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The objective of this study was to examine Job Satisfaction and Organizational Climate as Correlates of   Teacher Effectiveness and Turnover Intention in Private Secondary Schools in North Central Zone of Nigeria. The study employed a survey research design, used a sample size of 761 respondents made up of 380 teachers and 381 SS II students. Population of study was made up of all   private secondary schools (3,090) and all teachers (34,240). The study had four research questions that were answered using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and  four hypotheses were tested.  The study results indicated that job satisfaction and organizational climate are positively related to teacher effectiveness while both variables are negatively related to teacher turnover intention.  The study recommended that private school owners should ensure good salaries, prompt payment, job security and promotions for their teachers. They should provide a good organizational climate characterized by good leadership style, rewards, recognition, quick resolution of conflicts, convenient office accommodation and regular promotions to deserving staff.  This study has Counselling implications as it provided support for the view school administrators, proprietors/proprietresses, as well as principals ought to be aware that different factors affect the manner in which teachers perceive their job. 

76-82
13

Title : Formulation and Characterization of Composite Propellants from Cassava Stem and Millet Stalk

Authors : OA Babatunde, Dr. Hassan, MM Namadi

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Cassava stem and millet stalks were use as plant biomass in the formulation of  composite solid  propellant.The sequence used in the formulation  is in the following order; Ammonium nitrate, biomass (Carbon), Sulphur, Starch and gum arabicas binders in ratio A:B:C:D of 80:16:2:2 (Cohen, 1997), 65:20:12:3 (Tenny, 1998) and 85:10:4:1(proposed ratio) by mechanical means using mortar and pestle. The formulated composite solid propellants were characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Differential Scanning cabrimeter (DSC). The result of the FTIR showed that interaction had occurred between the individual components (the ammonium nitrate, Plant biomass (Carbon), Sulphur, starch and gum arabicbinders). as indicated by the spectral display of C-O stretch, N-O stretch, N-H Stretch, O-H Stretch, N=C=S Stretch. The SEM image also displayed morphology of honey comb, trapezoid, crater and flaky showing the interaction and various shapes and grain sizes despite the use of starch and gum arabicbinders. From the DSC results, the endothermic peaks range from 40-1680C while exothermic peaks range from 184-2500C. The result indicates the burning rate ability of the propellants in space.

83-97
14

Title : An Investigation of the Value Played by Portable Digital Assistants (PDAs) in Increasing Home Care Nurses’ Quality of Care: An Evaluation of the Nurses Experience

Authors : Abdulaziz Al-Motiry, Mahmoud Al-Masaeed, Rawan ALSABABHA, Khaldoun Ismail, Muhammad Alqudah

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Study Aim: The integrated review is an evaluation of the role and value of PDAs in increasing home-based nursing care quality. This is developed through an experience of nurses evaluating how it has actually impacted on quality of care among home-based care provider nurses.

Research Methodology: The integrated review developed an integrated literature analysis. Key words were used on peer reviewed data within the search criteria for inclusion and exclusion. Only peer reviewed articles that had a GRADE rating of at least moderate were considered and used in the review paper. A total of 17 peer reviewed articles were identified and used in the study analysis.

Findings: This integrated review demonstrated that the use of PDAs among home care nurses increase their evidence-based practice adherence. This impacts positively on the nurse’s awareness levels, understanding of the patients, and aids in reducing medical errors and mistakes. Additionally, the use of PDAs increases home based care nurses learning and career growth opportunities. The PDAs promote chances for peer learning and knowledge sharing.

Implications: The findings indicate that nurses have a positive experience in using PDAs. This is mainly for the PDAs with integrated information sharing system among pees and those who bar code reader on drugs. The healthcare systems and decision makers should invest in providing these PDAs and the relevant operating and functional systems for the home-based care nurses in the future.

98-109
15

Title : On The Stability of Order 7 Rational Interpolation Scheme for Solving Initial Value Problems in Ordinary Differential Equation

Authors : Ehiemua M. E., Agbeboh G.U.

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The validity of a method can be verified by analyzing the stability property of a rational interpolation scheme. In this article, investigation is carried out on a rational interpolation scheme of order 7,  through two major processes of converting the resulting rational function to a complex outlook, and then, transforming the complex function to a polar form, from which the stability region of the method is constructed in the form of Jordan Curve. The regions of stability and instability as well as the encroachment interval of the scheme is determined with the use of Maple-18 and Matlab packages

110-114