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Volume 7 Issue 2

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Persuasive Communication: Semiotic Analysis of “Share-a-coke” Advertising Campaign

Authors : Edafejirhaye I Vincent, Prof. Ajilore Kolade

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The focus of this paper is the semiotic analysis of coca cola’s “share a coke” advertising campaign.  The study used descriptive analysis. This paper is anchored on Individual differences theory and De Saussure’s semiotic model.  The campaign recorded a huge success in Nigeria for the following reasons: the personalized nature of the product’s advert ( consumers’ names printed on the bottles of drink), social media were used to drive the campaign vigorously and point of sale were lavishly decorated with coca cola logo and various pictures of “share a coke” adverts. The paper therefore; recommends this advertising strategy for all and sundry.

01-06
2

Title : Commercial Motorcycling Operations, Public Health and Safety Issues in Ibadan Metropolis

Authors : Danjibo Nathaniel D, Olasupo Adebayo S, Ojo Oladayo S

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This paper investigated commercial motorcycling operations, public health and safety issues in Ibadan metropolis. Motorcycle injuries have greater implications on public health commuters’ safety in developing countries and particularly Nigeria.The study embraced a case study research design in Ibadan metropolis. The study area covered six Local Government Areas; Akinyele, Ibadan North, Ibadan North East, Ibadan Northwest, Ibadan Southeast and Ibadan Southwest.The sample population comprised a purposive 36 commercial motorcyclists from different points across the six local government areas under study. Data collected from both primary and secondary sources; In-Depth Interviews and Focus Group Discussions. Data gathered from the interviews and FGDs were transcribed, processed, pooled together and categorized into themes based on the research objectives. The data was content analyzed using descriptive and narrative styles. Finding revealed that commercial motorcycle riders failed to comply with the Federal Road Safety Act. They contravene the Acts deliberately for the purposes of generating more income. They carry more than one passenger at a time and fail to use safety equipment like helmets. They do not wear protective clothing when driving, riding motorcycle without license, they take alcohol and drive. And commuters are exposed to differentiated levels of health issues; arms and legs injuries or fracture, serious brain and spinal cord challenges’ including mental health and untimely deaths which become detrimental to the public health. Also, findings revealed that emissions from motorcycles are very dangerous to the public health and it is concluded that commercial motorcycling affects public health and insecurity.It is therefore recommended that non-compliance to traffic rules among commercial motorcyclists and the use of helmet including commuters should be considered punishable under the safety laws to control for these noticeable safety challenges and thereby promoting public safety while minimizing health hazards in Ibadan. Further research should focus on government prevention and control measures aimed at reducing threats posed by commercial motorcycling to commuters' safety and public health through implementation of emission test policy.

07-13
3

Title : Review of Smart Based Building Management System

Authors : Omorogiuwa Eseosa, Folorunsho Isaac Temitope

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In Nigeria, the need for more energy efficient (smart) buildings cannot be overemphasized considering the epileptic power situation which has significantly kept the country from assuming its position as a true giant of Africa in terms of economics and infrastructure.Energy demand far exceeds its supply, and has necessitated the need for more proactive measures to ensureenergy conservation usage. Thus, this study reviewpapers on Building Management Systems (BMS)with particular interest. on incorporation of building automation systems in new buildings and the retrofitting of existing building to make them suitable for automation tools. Reviewing the use of BMS for optimization of energy consumption of building’s electromechanical systems and highlighting its remarkable cost saving effectiveness in both operations and maintenance will persuade stakeholders and facility owners to embrace the automation for their facilities for buildings (residential, commercial and industrial).

14-23
4

Title : Economic Analysis of Smart Buildings in Nigeria: A Case Study

Authors : Omorogiuwa Eseosa, Folorunsho Isaac Temitope

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Economic analysis of Building Management Systems (BMS) for efficient energy consumption and reduction of operating and running cost  has been adopted as  cost and energy effective solution in advanced countries, hence the need to look into the economics of this method to ascertain its viability as an option for adoption in Nigeria’s industrial and commercial facilities. In order to determine the best alternative between with and without BMS (w-BMS and w/o-BMS), two economic indicators – Benefit/Cost (B/C) ratio and Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) were evaluated, and the environmental impact of energy savings is realized from the use of BMS calculated over a 5-year period. Upon completion of analysis, it was observed that Envoy Hotel recorded about 63% energy savings through the use of lighting BMS in the first five (5) years of operation, and this translated to annual monetary savings of about N1, 380,000.00. B/C ratio was determined to be greater than 1 in favor of w-BMS (1.63)and LCC over a useful life of 25 years and a 12% interest rate of w-BMS (N67,826,620.00) was lesser than w/o-BMS (N68,438,710.00), thus justifying the use of lighting BMS by the management of Envoy Hotel.The newly launched Building Energy Efficiency Code by Federal Ministry of Works is indicative of the need to reduce energy consumption in buildings through efficient designs.

24-29
5

Title : Efficient Road Detection and Traffic Monitoring for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

Authors : Trilok Raj Singh Sisodiya, Vipra Bohara

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An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has many applications in a variety of fields. In the field of aerial photography detection and tracking of a specific road in UAV videos play an important role in automatic UAV navigation, traffic monitoring, and ground–vehicle tracking, and also is very helpful for constructing road networks for modeling and simulation. In this paper we used Edge detection, differentiation & median filtering, gray threshold estimation. By apply morphological area condition and remove objects smaller than 100 pixel per square. Then label objects & extract region properties (Bounding Box, Centroid, Area). Then object showing area greater than 100 pixel square plot bounding box & print centroid. With the result we not only can detect the road and track them but also find the coordinates of the moving vehicles. Which provide real time traffic movement and surveillance. This method provides better result with maximum precision and accuracy. With some modification in road we can also determine the velocity of vehicle and real time density of traffic in particular area. 

30-33
6

Title : Wireless Sensor Node for Simultaneous Monitoring of Health Parameters in Dengue Patients

Authors : Shikha kamboo, Vipra Bohara , Laxmi Narayam Balai

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The wide speed enhancements & acceptance of wireless communication & networking techniques & miniaturization of electronic circuits has created an ever increasing demand for automatic monitoring & logging of various processes & parameters human physiological & vital parameters also need tabe monifored & logged especially in the case of  elderly conically ill or ander intensive case WBAN (wireless body area network) technologies are emerging day by day to provide for automated monitoring of various vital& non vitsl parameter of the human body the sfandarsds for medical WBAN are defined as IEEE 802.15.6 & IEEE802.15.6
WBAN allowe for weareable non invasive miniaturized sensor nodes to monitor various parameter & human baby  functions   this technology has the potiential to revobionize medice and allied industries especially telemedicine. Dengue ,is a vector generated disecase ,a type of painful fever ,with canse quential and life threating effects as sudden drop in blood pallet .this work is aimed at autenatic monitoring and logging of various vital parrameters of a dengue patient ,who needs continous monitaring ,The propased system ,implements measurement and software defined filtering of ECG Signals along with acquisition of temprature ,Spoz ,& Blood pressure (Systalic and Diastolic ) .All these parrameters are accquired by the sensor mode & Sent to the central service over TCP/IP protocol .The server also in corporades on artifical never all net work ,which analyzes all the parrameters and predicts patient over all health status and generates alomms in case of emmergencies.

34-38
7

Title : Adoption of Cause and Effect Theory in Combating Food Insecurity in Kogi State, Nigeria

Authors : Danjibo Nathaniel D, Adeoye Adesoji E, Ojo Oladayo S

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The study examined the adoption of cause and effect theory in combating food insecurity in kogi state, Nigeria. A case study design was utilized. A stratified sample size of 4,170 participants was obtained from eight local government areas in Kogi State.The instrument for data collection includes in-depth interview, key informant interview and focus group discussion. Findings showed that the impact of flood disaster on food security have been devastating and contributed to greater losses in the history of food shortage across various areas of Kogi State. Meanwhile, the available disaster management agencies and policies developed were not effectively implemented. There are evidences of several causes of flood management policies and strategies. Government should provide alternative settlements to perennial flood disasters by way of relocating the flood impacted communities to areas that are less disaster prone and using electronic and print media sensitization.

39-45
8

Title : Analysis of Refractive Index in Decagonal Structure of Photonic Crystal Fiber having Hole within Core

Authors : Shivani Gangwal, Vipra Bohara

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This paper comparatively analyzes decagonal 4 clading ring structure having circular & square hole within core and structure without hole in core. All simulations have been performed in COMSOL Multiphysics simulation tool. Effective refractive index is calculated for each design by varying pitch keeping cladding air hole diameter constant and by varying air hole diameter keeping pitch constant. Dispersion is calculated using finite element method. By comparing all the designs Optimized design is obtained.

 

46-48
9

Title : Securing Cloud Platform for Enhanced Patronage

Authors : Adeniyi Akanni

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The technological world faces so rapid changes to bring the world a relief each day. The hitherto worries of managing a servers room, providing floor space, trained staff and other associated administrative overhead are lifted through cloud technology. Despite the huge potentials cloud computing generally offers, security concerns of data moved to Cloud are major reasons for organizations not to embrace this technology. This paper proposed a solution for securing the cloud platform.

49-51
10

Title : Conducting Free and Fair Elections in Africa through Biometrics

Authors : Adeniyi Akanni

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An election has been the way by which political positions are filled in a democratic setting. While it remains the heart cry of the electorates to see that nothing but eligible and valid votes count, this remains a mirage due to election irregularities. Information and Communication Technology has changed the way activities are run in the world today. It has become a major tool in driving efficiency and reduction in fraudulent activities. Failure toappropriately conduct elections and making the votes count without fear or favour have made electorates wonder whether or not the declared result actually speak to the voting pattern.This work proposed a biometric solution to preserve free and fair elections.The research used fingerprints and revealed 0% false acceptance rate (FAR) with 0.02% false rejection rate (FRR).

52-53
11

Title : Designing of Hybrid Filter

Authors : Varsha Joshi, Vipra Bohara, L.N. Balai

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In digital image processing, image de-noising plays a vital role and generates a high quality image. Using different techniques of filter, comparing the traditional methods of image de-noising and reduce the error rate. Comparing the error rate of different images using different filter technique such as Weiner Filter, Kuwahara Filter and Hybrid Filter, which is a combination of Mean and Median Filter. Degradation of an image is a serious problem and it happens when the camera captures an image it might get degraded and noise is transmitted through the external or internal source. The filter is used to remove the speckle so that the inner region as well as the outer region gets clearer. The final analysis of images shows the qualitative and quantitative dimensions. This filter calculating the error rate such as MSER, RMSE, PSNR, NMSE and MAE and PSNR error enhances and other error rates reduces. It gives the high PSNR values.

54-58
12

Title : IOT Based Home Appliances Using Personal WiFi and Cloud intelligent and Tetris Switch

Authors : Nahid Anjum Gouri, Vipra Bohara

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Hence automation is a new technique. That is getting widely affordable & derivable especially in the urban housing segment. The proposed system is intended to make home. Automation IOT (Internet of Thing) embedded & expandable which enables control of devices via webpage, hosted on an embedded web server which can be accessed via local wifi network or internet. Also the tots are formation as logic of building blocks makes the system highly expandable. The expansion system work by looping mains power from one block to another & communication is established by a low power ISM bond RF system. Thus a highly versatile home automation system is implemented using low cost esp8266 wifi module running NodeMcu. The module acts as a wifi web server & can operate as standard wifi server or connect to the internet over wifi. 

59-63
13

Title : Delineation of Sedimentary Thickness of Lafia and Environs Using Aeromagnetic Data

Authors : Oguadinma T. C., Aku M. O.

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Aeromagnetic data over Lafia and environs have been analyzed to delineate the sedimentary thickness (Depth to Basement) and describe lineament features. Aeromagnetic data of the area comprising sheets 210 (Wamba), 211 (Kwolla), 231 (Lafia) and 232 (Akiri) covering an area of about 12,100 km2located between latitudes 8o 00'N and 9o 00'N and longitudes 8o 30'E and 9o 30’E were obtained from the Nigerian Geological Survey. Visual study of the Total magnetic intensity map, residual anomaly map and lineament maps show the presence of major lineament features trending NE-SW and NNE-SSW while the minor features trending E-W and NW-SE. Six profiles taken across the generated residual map were subjected to spectral depth analysis revealed two depth sources; the deeper magnetic sources range from 2.13 to 4.89 km, while the shallower magnetic sources range from 0.86 to 2.06 km. These shallower sources are probably due to the presence of igneous intrusives and/or magnetized bodies within the sedimentary cover. The temperature at depth ranges from 54.52˚C to 183.480C with an average of 100.150C. The South western and central parts of the study area were delineated as potential hydrocarbon target area due to the right temperature and sedimentary thickness.These areas correspond to Ajo, Obi, Keana, Abudem, Awena and areas between Ungwan Mai Samari and Kolen towns.

64-70
14

Title : Utilizing Biogas Technology as Alternative Energy Source in Nigerian Urban and Peri-urban Centres

Authors : Collins H. Wizor, Ibeaja Adanma Chinyere

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This paper proposes the utilization of biogas technology as an alternative energy source in Nigerian urban and peri-urban centres with a view to highlighting the use of cow dung, poultry droppings and pig faeces as raw materials for biogas technology. The experimental research design was employed for the study, whereby, the primary data source included the collection of substrates of cow dung, poultry droppings and pig faeces from the Ebonyi State University farm. The collection of substrates was carried out in the early hours of the morning to ensure freshness. A weight of 800 kg per substrates type was measured into each bio-digester (airtight system of 25 liters plastic containers) instrument. About 1600ml quantity of water was added to each bio- digester containing each substrate. The temperature, pH and volume/quantity of gas produced was recorded daily. The pH was measured by an electronic pH meter while temperature was measured by mercury in glass thermometer. Results revealed that total gas generated by cow dung substrates was 25.23 and 49.97 for both CO2 and CH4 gas; pig faeces generated 21.72 and 62.97 for both CO2 and CH4; while the amount of gas generated by poultry droppings substrates was 18.97 and 63.37 for both CO2 and CH4. It was revealed that cow dung generated the lowest level of CH4 gas which makes it more environmentally friendly. The findings also showed that temperature not pH significantly correlated with the amount of gas generated by substrates in the biogas technology experiment. The study further revealed that biogas can be generated from cow dung, pig faeces and poultry droppings through fermentation using fresh substrates. The study therefore recommended the use of biogas as alternative source of energy in Nigeria so that ecological disasters such as deforestation, desertification and climate change can be arrested or mitigated.

71-80
15

Title : Shared Values of United Parcel Service on Customers’ Service Delivery in Edo State

Authors : Dr. Robinson Osarumwense OWENVBIUGIE

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The study assessed the influence of shared values of United Parcel Service for customers’ service delivery in Edo State. Four research questions guided the study. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population consisted of all United Parcel Service customers in Edo State. The target population was infinite as there was no definite number of customers United Parcel Service renders services to. 150 customers were used as sample size. Accidental random sampling technique was adopted. The instrument was validated by three experts in the Department of Vocational and Technical Education, University of Benin, City. Cronbach alpha was used for the reliability of the instrument and this yielded 0.75. Descriptive statistics of mean was used to answer all the research questions. A questionnaire titled Questionnaire on influence of Shared Values of United Parcel Service for Customer Service Delivery in Edo State (QISVUPSCSDES) was administered to the respondents by the researchers and one research assistant. The result revealed that the respondents agreed that the shared values of United Parcel Service are used to provide customer service delivery with integrity to a high extent in Edo State. United Parcel Service renders efficient and quality customer service delivery to a high extent, it also provides customer service delivery with sustainability to a high extent and provide customer service delivery with innovativeness to a high extent. Based on the findings and conclusion, it was recommended that United Parcel Service should provide packaging for customers’ service as well as guarantee safe delivery of packages, among others.

81-87
16

Title : Effect of Financial Indicators on Financial Performance of Microfinance Institutions in Kenya

Authors : Wycliffe Mugun

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Microfinance is the provision of a broad range of financial services such as deposits, loans, payment services, money transfers and insurance to the poor and low-income households and their micro enterprises. The sector reaches out to 832,794 active borrowers with a loan book amounting to Kshs.28.6 billion and reporting 26.4 % annual growth in Kenya. However, owing to the fact that there is limited literature on the determinants of financial performance, various studies conducted indicate divergent views on the effect of financial indicators on financial performance. For this reasons it is not clear whether or not financial indicators affect financial performance of microfinance institutions (MFIs) in Kenya. The main objective of the study was to investigate the effect of financial indicators on financial performance of MFIs in Kenya. Fixed effect model was the preferred model based on the Hausman specification but the study used random effect model since fixed effect model gave insignificant results. Random effect model results revealed that debt to equity ratio had a negative but insignificant relationship with return on assets ratio. Portfolio to assets ratio had a positive relationship with financial performance but the relationship was not significant. Operating expense ratio had negative and significant relationship with return to assets ratio. The results for lagged ROA the coefficient was positive and was statistically significant. Autoregressive distributed lag model on debt to equity ratio preferred model random effect model findings postulated that debt to equity ratio had positive and significant relationship with return to assets ratio. Lagged DER had positive and significant relationship with return to assets ratio. ARDL model on portfolio to assets ratio preferred model random effect findings revealed that PAR had positive and insignificant relationship with return to assets ratio. Lagged PAR had positive and significant relationship with return to assets ratio.ARDL model on operating expense ratio and preferred model fixed effect model showed that OER had negative and significant relationship with return to assets ratio. The lagged OER had positive and insignificant relationship with return to assets ratio .The study concluded that negative and significant effect of operating expense ratio on financial performance shows that an increase in expenses decreases the performance of the MFIs industry in Kenya.

88-102
17

Title : Assessment of Water Quality of Hand Dug Wells in a Riverine Community, Southern Nigeria

Authors : S. M. O. Akhionbare, M. Peretomode, G. C. C. Ndinwa

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The quality of hand dug wells used for domestic water supply in Burutu Community, Delta State, Nigeria were assessed. Samples were collected from twelve (12) wells and analyzed for physicochemical and microbiological parameters using standard methods. The results obtained revealed that the samples from the study area were acidic during the period of investigation. The parameters analysed were affected by both natural and anthropogenic sources. As regards physico-chemical parameters, the result revealed that some of the parameters analysed were within WHO guideline for drinking while others exceeded the threshold. The following ranges were recorded: pH (4.43 to 5.83), colour (5 to 15 Pt/Co), EC (150 to 460µS/cm), TDS (80 to 420mg/l), TSS (0.00 to 16.50mg/l), Total Hardness (14.40 to 113.19mg/l), chloride (7 to 117 mg/l), sulphate (6 to 200 mg/l), nitrate (2 to 12.20 mg/l), magnesium (11.08 to 14.87 mg/l), calcium (18.64 to 76.84 mg/l) and zinc (0.00 to 6.680 mg/l). In relation to microbiological contamination, the result revealed that all the sampled wells were contaminated with total and faecal coliform organisms as they exceeded WHO standard of 10MPN/100ml and 0MPN/100ml respectively. It revealed high concentrations of total and faecal coliform in all the wells: (TC 67 to 86 at Ambar, 110 to 360 at Chicoco, 111 to 114 at Low beach, 100 to 576 at Okorodudu and FC 18 to 29 at Ambar, 18 to 120 at Chicoco, 18 to 48 Low beach, 224 to 1218 at Okorodudu), suggesting high bacterial load. The water quality index (WQI) revealed variations in the sampled wells from very poor to fair category. In line with WHO standards and WQI results, the study established that the sampled wells in the community were contaminated and not safe for human consumption but usable for other domestic purposes. The study recommended that hand dug wells should be protected by sealing the walls, pouring of concrete apron, putting a lid over the top, and installing a hand pump as well as the use of pot chlorinator. The study also recommended proper sanitary practices, better alternative sources of water supply and intensive educational campaign to the indigenes of the area.

103-115
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