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Volume 6 Issue 1

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Educational Philosophy of Boko-haram: Analysis from Islamic Perspective

Authors : Nasirudeen Abdulrahim, Muhammad Umar

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The Nigerian armed forces are doing their utmost to crush the Boko-haram insurgency. However, killing and dislodging members of the group does not indicate total elimination of its ideology. The arguments of the movement against conventional education remain in circulation among people awaiting another generation to champion the course in a new identity. Toeradicate the ideology and its influence, there is need for thorough intellectual and logical responses to those arguments. It is against this background that this paper sought to analyse the movement’s arguments that conventional education should be prohibited on the ground that it originated from the West and was introduced in the country to promote Christianity. The paper realized that this argument is unfounded because conventional education is not a western property, rather a global heritage comprising the remarkable contributions of the Muslim world. Moreover, Islam does not forbid Muslims to benefit from any useful knowledge irrespective of where it originates from as long as it does not contravene Islamic teachings. It also found that using schools for promoting Christianity is not more applicable to many public and private schools in Nigeria today. Thepaper encouraged Muslims to pursue the education to its highest level.

01-06
2

Title : Livelihood Resources of Gombe Mountains: A Geographical Perspective

Authors : Ahmad Abdullah, Zarma Ali Wakil

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Environmental resources provide livelihood sources to millions of peoples around the world. Resources like forests, rivers, lakes have been assessed to determine their contribution to peoples’ livelihood. One rarely assessed environmental resources is Gombe mountain. Gombe mountain comprise three uplands (Dutsen Gombe, Dutsen Tsakiya and Dutsen Liji), these uplands were been exploited by people from different areas of influence as a source of livelihood. The economic impact of Gombe Mountains to the people of Gombe area was investigated. The study was conducted to document information of the area; inventory of livelihood resources of the study area, economic activities of the study area, income level of respondents as compared with public service minimum wage. A field questionnaire survey was conducted and data collected were summarized in relative frequency, percentages and tested using chi-square statistical analysis. This study shows how these uplands contribute significantly to the livelihood of thousands of people in the area. Furthermore, the test conducted on minimum wage and income data revealed that Gombe Mountain significantly influences the livelihood of the people.

07-10
3

Title : Unification of Fundamental Forces

Authors : G. Anene, A.O. Obioha, J. N. Aniezi

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In this research, we used both statistical and analytical methods to obtain relations that may suggestively indicate unification of the four fundamental interactions. These interactions include gravitational, electromagnetic, weak (nuclear) and strong (nuclear) forces.

11-15
4

Title : Effects of Materials Management on the Productivity of an Organisation

Authors : Dr. Cross Ogohi Daniel

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Many business organizations in Nigeria fail to value the role of materials management in improving their productivity. In most situations, the function seems to be a reserve in the system, while in other situation the roles are actually applied firmly. Some organizations are of the certainty that material management is just a regular function of the procuring department thereby moderating it to the background. Rising from this backdrop, this study specific aims are finding out how an organization can tackle the problems identified and how effective material management can increase the profitability of an organization. The study discovered that material management used by the organization adds to the profitability of the company, sufficient storage facilities stops interruption on production process amongst other things. As an outcome of the above, it was suggested that there should be respectable record system of materials for the processes of the organization as it influences production and the training of staff to obtain new skills and knowledge required for the work for the profit of the organization.

16-22
5

Title : Students’ Perception on the Influence of Drug and Substance Abuse on Discipline in Public Secondary Schools in Mombasa Island, Kenya

Authors : Charles Kutan Lodunga, Dr. Mutsotso

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Indiscipline among students in public secondary schools is a problem that has persisted over the years throughout the world and is worsening each day. A number of studies have associated this problem to drug and substance abuse. The objectives were; assessing the levels of students’ discipline, the influence of drug intoxication, addiction and drug-related depression on students’ discipline in public secondary schools. The study was guided by the Comprehensive Theory of Substance Abuse Prevention and the Assertive Discipline Theory. Quantitative data were collected from students in Forms III & IV using questionnaires while qualitative data were collected from key informants who included six principals and six teacher-counsellors using interviews. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically along the objectives and presented in narrative forms whereas quantitative data was analyzed descriptively with the help of Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS Version 23) and presented using tables and charts. The study established that levels of indiscipline are high amongst students who manifest incidences of violence against colleagues; strikes and school riots, theft, teenage pregnancies, truancy, poor performance and breaking of school rules and regulations. Students who abuse drugs end up suffering from intoxication and thus suffer memory loss, anger and emotions, loss of consciousness, impaired coordination and dizziness. Intoxicated students end up engaging in disciplined acts at school. Students who are addicted to drugs and substances manifest lack of focus, loss of interest in their studies, truancy and absenteeism and lack of concentration. Drug and substance abuse lead to depression amongst students who exhibit mood swings, feelings of isolation, sadness, withdrawal, lack of energy and hostility. This situation leads students to flip into indiscipline acts and undesirable behavior patterns. Thus, the study recommends that secondary schools should be motivated to take up course on Life Skills since they are the custodians of students’ behavior. Students should be advised on the dangers of drug abuse. Parents should partner with secondary schools in combating drug abuse both at home and at school. Teachers should be advised to desist from hands-off attitude when it comes to combating drug abuse amongst their students. The government should formulate a regulation to ensure stricter implementation of policies against drug abuse in public secondary schools.

23-34
6

Title : Effect of Sentence Combining Instruction on Students‚ Achievement Rate in Essay Writing in North Central Geo- Political Zone of Nigeria

Authors : Jackqueline Brown Ukaegbu, Aliyu Alhaji Umar, Shantali Salihu Mohammed, Isah Bala Masuga

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Fundamentally, writing is an integral part of language skills; it is foundational to success in academics, in the work place and in the global economy. In an increasingly demanding world of literacy, the importance of ensuring students proficiency in writing can never be over stressed. Many methods have been tried in teaching and learning essay writing, yet students’ achievement is low. The methods include the guided method, which gives students guidelines to help them write or produce correct compositions. The non-guided method which is also called free composition where the students are given topics and allowed to produce correct essays on their own and the literacy method which provides students with the necessary experience in the theme, structure, tone and other aspect of style Comachowi (2003). These methods of writing are used in the conventional classroom and they emphasize the product of the students writing without bothering whether the students have learnt the skills of writing.

35-45
7

Title : Influence of Cost-Leadership Planning Strategies on Competitiveness of Private Universities in Nairobi County, Kenya

Authors : Nene Nderitu, Dr. Paul Edabu, Dr. Mary Chui Mugwe

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In the last three decades, the republic of Kenya has witnessed a tremendous increase in the number of chartered universities and a stiff competition for students. The student enrolment base coupled with the emergence of private university education providers turned the university arena in Kenya into a student enrolment market, leading to intense competition between Public and Private Universities. The researcher realizes that, the existing studies relate competitiveness with performance. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the influence of cost-leadership planning strategies on competitiveness of private universities in Nairobi County, Kenya. Resource Based Theory, Competitive Advantage Theory and Generic Framework Theory guided this study. The study applied mixed method approach and thus adopted concurrent triangulation design. Target population comprised 66 Registrar Academics, 66 Registrar Admissions and 33 Directors of Marketing all totalling to 165. Using the Central Limit Theorem, 36 Registrars of Academics, 36 Registrars of Admissions and 18 Directors of Marketing were purposively sampled. Questionnaires were used to collect data from Registrar Academic and Admissions whereas interview guide was used to gather data from Directors of Marketing. Data analysis began by identifying common themes from the respondents’ description of their experiences. Qualitative data were analyzed thematically along the objectives and were presented in narrative forms. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferentially using Chi-Square through Statistical Packages for Social Science and presented using tables. The study established that many private universities have not fully adopted cost-leadership planning strategies to enhance their competitiveness. The study recommends that private universities design and market their academic programmes affordable to students from all socio-economic backgrounds.

46-53
8

Title : Influence of Differentiation Planning Strategies on Competitiveness of Private Universities in Nairobi County, Kenya

Authors : Nene Nderitu, Dr. Paul Edabu, Dr. Mary Chui Mugwe

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Abstract :

In the last three decades, the republic of Kenya has witnessed a tremendous increase in the number of chartered universities and a stiff competition for students. The student enrolment base coupled with the emergence of private university education providers turned the university arena in Kenya into a student enrolment market, leading to intense competition between Public and Private Universities. The researcher realizes that, the existing studies relate competitiveness with performance. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the influence of differentiation planning strategies on competitiveness of private universities in Nairobi County, Kenya. Resource Based Theory, Competitive Advantage Theory and Generic Framework Theory guided this study. The study applied mixed method approach and thus adopted concurrent triangulation design. Target population comprised 66 Registrar Academics, 66 Registrar Admissions and 33 Directors of Marketing all totalling to 165. Using the Central Limit Theorem, 36 Registrars of Academics, 36 Registrars of Admissions and 18 Directors of Marketing were purposively sampled. Questionnaires were used to collect data from Registrar Academic and Admissions whereas interview guide was used to gather data from Directors of Marketing. Data analysis began by identifying common themes from the respondents’ description of their experiences. Qualitative data were analyzed thematically along the objectives and were presented in narrative forms. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferentially using Chi-Square through Statistical Packages for Social Science and presented using tables. The study established that many private universities have not fully adopted effective differentiation planning strategies to enhance their competitiveness. The study recommends that ought to ensure that their locations are strategic to enable students access services within such locations; have adequate security features for students and staff, availability of accommodation facilities, embrace new technological advancements and offer quality academic programmes in order to attract many undergraduate students.

54-62
9

Title : Passing The Buck, the Bane of Corporate Social Responsibility in Nigeria

Authors : Idowu A.

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Corporate Social Responsibility in Nigeria has gained recognition as obtained in the developed economies of the world as higher proportion of organizations, both local and multinational operating therein have grafted it in their business philosophies. However, the weak legal system and lack of advocacy by the concerned stakeholders have been relegating the actual performance to the background. The host communities of these organizations (safe the explorative organizations) have been in a state of uttermost negligence while the little real CSR initiatives have been concentrated in already developed areas of big cities and health initiatives outside the reach of the uneducated community members of these organizations who have been avoiding their responsibilities to local communities by passing same to the local, state and federal governments who are the original owners of most resources and infrastructures in such communities.

63-70
10

Title : Influence of Monitoring and Evaluation of Projects on Supply Water supply: A case of Peri-urban Kayole, Nairobi City County, Kenya

Authors : Charles M. Nzioka, Nyandoro Kepha, Nyamora Ogachi

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Water is a key component and essential component of life which calls for proper management of the resource. One of the key components of the millennium goals is to ensure proper management of water as a resource. Decades of wastage have increased the challenge of supply of adequate water in many countries in general and in Kenya to be specific. Increased demand of water due to population explosion, increased use from factories and industries and global warming has increased the level of scarcity. Effective monitoring and evaluation of water projects ensures that resources are properly utilized. In Masimba area in Kayole estate which is part of Embakasi constituency in Nairobi County, many water projects have been initiated. However, the residents have continued to experience a shortage of water resulting in buying of water from individual vendors which is costly. The study was therefore designed to explore the influence of monitoring and evaluation on the supply of adequate water in Masimba area of Kayole in Nairobi City County. The research adopted descriptive survey research design. The target population was members of Masimba area in Kayole Sub-county. The results from data analysis revealed that effective monitoring and evaluation of water projects influenced the supply of adequate water in the area.

71-76
11

Title : Reliability Assessment of 33KV Feeder, (A Case Study of Transmission Company of Nigeria, Ganmo Work Centre.)

Authors : Balogun M. O., Ahmed M. O., Ajani A. A., Olaoye H.

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According to statistics, about 80% of the power interruptions result from power distribution system failure. Historical assessment and predictive methods are normally used to evaluate the reliability of a distribution network. Most utilities focus more on historical assessment rather than predictive methods. Hence, it is vital in design and development of distribution network to study and analyse the reliability.

This research adopted methods involving analysis and evaluation of reliability of one of the Nigeria transmission station (Ganmo 33KV Ilorin) feeders to see how reliability could be improved in the distribution system by incorporating reliability analysis in the systematic planning approach so that optimum reliability is achieved. Analytical method such as Markov model and reliability indices of each feeder was evaluated, assessed and compared to see how risk of failure could be reduced. The reliability indices for the year 2016 and 2017 are being considered as the case study.

The outages on the TCN Ganmo 33KV feeders was studied for 24 months on daily outage data collected from the station. Based on the result obtained from the data analysis illustrated with graphs, it was deduced that dedicated feeders such as KAM and UNILORIN have the highest reliability and more available compared to others residential feeders. This can be attributed to the level of their load demands. Generally, the feeders have least reliability during the period of May to October due to high vegetation and rainfall.

77-83
12

Title : Assessment of Urban Solid Waste Disposal System in Port Harcourt Municipal Council, Rivers State, Nigeria

Authors : Henry Chiaka Unaeze, Mercy Ebere Ndubueze- Ogaraku, Banigo, Queen Lesor

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This study examined urban solid waste disposal system in Port Harcourt municipal council Rivers State, Nigeria. Eighty household heads were randomly selected from the study area. Primary and secondary data were used to obtain information from well-structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and contingent valuation method (CVM) i.e. willingness-to-pay for a permit for waste disposalwere used for the assessment.Also an actor diagram was used to show the institutional linkages in waste disposal in the study area. It was observed that the major disposal methods were open landfill, communal receptacles, and house-to-house collection. The actor diagram showed a strong linkage between the state (public institutions) and the contractors.There was also strong linkage between the contractors and the educational sub-system. Butthe linkage between NGOs, individual sub system and the state were weak, while the linkage between household sub system, collection point and contractors were very strong. It was only 35% of the sampled respondents that were willing-to-pay ₦100 (as a permit for 50kg of waste generated. The major constraints encountered by the respondents, were lack of awareness on proper waste disposal, indiscriminate dumping of waste in drainages, which in-turn blocks the drainage system which finally leads to flooding etc. Pre-dominant solid wastes were residential domestic wastes, industrial waste and hazardous wastes. Government should enact wastes management laws with stiffer penalties on offenders to ensure compliance andencourageinstitutional articulations among various institutions that are involve in waste management systems.Finally government should alsosensitize the Public on the benefits of proper waste management practices.

84-89
13

Title : Effects of Banks’ Loan Collateral Requirement on Performance of Small and Medium Enterprises in Maua Town, Meru County, Kenya

Authors : Johnson Mwirigi Rithaa, Haldess Nguta Munene, Dr. Ann Kariuki

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In the contemporary business arena, few businesses operate without credit from banks, with small and medium enterprises (SMEs) lending portfolio by banks in Kenya estimated at KSh332 billion. However,Four hundred thousand SMEs did not see their second anniversary in the recent past in Kenya raising questions about the impact of banks loan collateral requirement on success of the SMEs. The purpose of this study was to establish the effect of banks credit accessibility on the performance of small and medium enterprises in Maua Town, Meru County, Kenya. Maua is a cosmopolitan urban centre serving the entire Igembe region of Meru County as well as parts of Isiolo County. Specifically, the study sought to evaluate the effect of loan collateral requirements on the performance of SMEs in Maua Town. The population of the study comprised 250 registered SMEs licensed in Maua Town by the County Government of Meru. Using stratified and simple random, 153 enterprises were selected as the sample of the study. Data was collected using questionnaires and analysed using SPSS Version 21 and presented using frequency tables. Regression Analysis was used to establish the effect of the independent variable on the dependent variable. Linear regression analysis indicated that the independent variable (collateral requirements) had a negative effect on performance of SMEs. The study recommended that banks should review collateral demands for SME owners to allow for more items of value to be used as security as this will encourage businesspeople to borrow.

90-95
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