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Volume 5 issue 3

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Hematological Parameters of Dogs Infected With Canine Parvovirus Enteritis in Sumy Ukraine

Authors : Tion Matthew Terzungwe

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Abstract :

Canine parvovirus enteritis is highly contagious acute enteritis associated with high morbidity and mortality, with very low survival rates in untreated dogs. It is caused by canine parvovirus type 2. It generally affects dogs up to 6 months old. All breeds of dogs are affected although Rottweiler, Doberman pinscher, American Pit-bull terrier, Labrador retriever and German shepherd are at increased risk of infection. Blood is regarded as fluid that aid in the assessment of the health status of animals. Hematology of infected dogs can help in giving an idea about the severity of infection, guide in deciding the treatment protocol and prognosis of the disease. Twenty-nine dogs with clinical signs consistent with canine parvovirus presented at Health Veterinary Clinic in Sumy, Ukraine were analyzed. They were diagnosed using rapid in-clinic enzyme immunoassay test kits (SensPERT®, VetAll Laboratories, Kyunggi-Do, Korea). Data indicated that 31.0% (9/29) of the puppies had received at least 1 dose of multivalent vaccine which included Biocan®, Vanguard 5 plus® and Novibac®. Temperature and Hematology were collected on the day of admission. 2mL of blood were collected from the cephalic vein of each dog into a test tube containing ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid. The Hematologial parameters (RBC, HGB, PCV, WBC, NEU, MON, EOS, LYM and PLT) were determined by using automated blood counter. The most common hematological finding in all dogs was anemia, thrombocytopenia, pancytopenia (leucopenia, neutropenia and lymphopenia), leucocytosis, neutrophilia, eosinophilia, lymphocytosis and monocytosis.  All the hematological abnormalities witnessed in this study are consistent with CPVE. This is an indication that different dogs will present different cell mediated immune responses during the course of the disease.

01-05
2

Title : Tourism Development in Yobe State (A Case of Dagona Waterfowl Sanctuary)

Authors : Nguru A. I.

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The studyinvestigates tourism development in Yobe State with particular reference on Dagona Waterfowl Sanctuary in the Chad Basin National Park.  The study relied on personal observations, questionnaires and interviews to generate useful information with the view to examine the development of tourism potential of Dagona Waterfowl Sanctuary and assess the level of tourism patronage by tourist, as well as to examine the factors impinging on the development of the Sanctuary. Data were collected through structured and unstructured interviews with research participants. A random sampling techniques method was adopted for the data collection.  Purposive sampling techniques was also applied to include persons aged 25 years and have attained secondary school level of education and above. 60 questionnaires were distributed in three locations of GadanKargo, Dala and Dagona villages neighboring communities in the study area, where 15, 15 and 30 questionnaires were allocated to each village respectively, and 52 were retrieved.  Data were analyzed using descriptive approach. About 88% of the people interviewed showed that there is low level of tourist arrival to the Sanctuary, hence, the study identified the effects faced in ensuring tourism development in Yobe State, including insufficient funding, inadequate infrastructure facilities and publicity, and lack of master plan for its physical development among others, indicating the low level of tourism development at the bearest minimum. Appropriate recommendations have been suggested that can be implemented to achieve the objectives of developing tourism in Yobe State of Nigeria.

06-11
3

Title : Analysis of Social Factors Financial Services Access Strategy on Farmers Economic Empowerment in Kenya. A case of agricultural Tea Farmer’s in Kisii County

Authors : Thomas Ombui Nyakweba, Prof. George Gongera, Dr. Irine Koech Asianga

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The aim of this study was to focus on financial literacy, trainings and gender equity as social factors that influence access to financial services on tea farmer’s economic empowerment in Kisii County-Kenya. The study comprised of 77035 small scale tea farmers in Kisii County. Stratified and random sampling was used and the sample size was 398 of the respondents. The study used questionnaires and observations to collect data. Data analysis was done by use of SPSS. The objective of the study was to analyze the influence of social factors on access to financial services strategy on economic empowerment among small scale tea farmers in Kisii County- Kenya.  The results show a statistically significant weak positive relationship between social factors on access to financial services and economic empowerment among tea farmers in Kisii County (r = 0.363, p < 0.05). It was concluded that influence of social factors has positive and statistically significant influence on economic empowerment among tea farmers and there exists a positive significant correlation between influence of social factors and economic empowerment among tea farmers.

 

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4

Title : Gasoline Particulate Filter (GPF) Expansion/Contraction Pressure Losses

Authors : Ojimah Abel

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Emission control strategies are required for continuous increase in gasoline direct Injection (GDI) engines, in view of the new legislation control requirements for the implementation of particle number (PN) and particulate matter (PM). Gasoline particulate filter (GPF) is one of the components that can be used to achieve this emission reduction in particulate matter. The flow of gasses across the gasoline particulate filter (GPF) inan exhaust is accompanied by the contraction/expansion pressure losses which has significant effect on the mechanical efficiency of the engine due to back pressure. Flow rate and pressure loss across the monolith- an exhaust operating conditions- are functions of the exhaust gas distribution.

 This paper is aimed at investigating the expansion /contraction pressure losses in GPFs at different Reynolds number from 200 to 2000which is enough to keep the flow within the laminar regime for samples of different lengths 305mm, 250mm and 200mm.

Pressure tapings were located at the upstream and downstream of the test sample representing the filter scaled up channels to measure the inlet and outlet pressures, and finally, four (4) pressure tapings located along the test sample to capture the respective pressures at each point. These pressure measurements were taken for a ‘flow through’ of 0.5g/s to 4.7g/s which corresponds to the Reynolds numbers from 200 to 2000. The result highlighted the following silence points: Total pressure losses increase with an increase in mass flow rates. The exit (expansion) pressure losses are 2.5 times higher than the entrance (contraction) pressure losses when compared with ‘2 times higher’ prediction recorded in [1] and it varies across the flow rates for the test samples studied.The contraction/expansion pressure drop along the filter is sensitive to the filter length as well as the number of channels in the filter. The inertia loss coefficients are approximately the same for the filters studied.

18-29
5

Title : Pre-Primary School Experiences and Lower Primary Pupils’ Reading Literacy Competencies: A Case of Laikipia, Kenya

Authors : Ongâangâa H.M. Ouko, Nderitu N. Elizabeth

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Abstract :

Reading skills is one of the basic requirements which enable people engage themselves in their daily activities. Reading achievement determines the child’s success in school and eventual career development. School age children are not learning core skills expected at age level. Despite significant gains in expanding access to primary school education literacy outcomes remains significantly deficient. The study focused on influence of pre-primary school experience on pupils’ reading achievement in Laikipia West Sub-county. Ex post facto research design was employed. The target population were grade two pupils in both public and private schools in the sub-county.Quantitative data was tabulated and analyzed by descriptive statistic including frequency and percentages presented through tables and figures. Results revealed that levels of competency in story-reading, word recognition and letter, sound recognition were below average at 60%, 57%, and 50%respectively. From the results, pre-primary experience in key in pupils’ reading achievement, where pupils who attended pre-primary school registering good grades in letter and sound recognition, word recognition and paragraph reading. Recommendations were made that parents be educated on the importance of early year’s education and teachers to design appropriate tasks in order to enhance and boost reading literacy among pupils.

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6

Title : Perception of Early Marriages on Internal Efficiency in Public Secondary Schools in Narok South Sub-County, Narok County, Kenya

Authors : James Njuguna, Prof Chageiywo J., Dr Wamukuru D.

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Internal efficiency is a major concern to many countries desire to provide secondary education to their citizens. However internal inefficiency has been experienced in many countries which is characterised by drop-out rates, repetition and low transition rates. The purpose of this study was to investigate the perception of Early Marriages on internal efficiency in public secondary schools in Narok South Sub-County. The selected indicators of internal efficiency in the study included dropouts’ rates, repetition rates and transition rates. According to Basic Education Statistics Data, Ministry of Education (MOE, 2015) early marriages is a major cultural factor influencing girl’s dropout rates, repetition rates and low transition rates in  public secondary schools in Narok South Sub-County. The study adopted correlational research design. The theoretical framework was the production function theory which bases on the efficiency of a firm. The total target population was 177 of which 34 were principals and 133 class secretaries. The researcher sampled 155 respondents which comprised of 31 principals and 124 class secretaries in public secondary schools in Narok South Sub County. Purposive sampling was used to select the principals while stratified sampling to select the class secretaries according to the classes. Data was collected using interview schedule for principals and questionnaire for the class secretaries. Data was analysed qualitatively and quantitatively. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study found out that early marriages had a P-value of 0.01. This indicates a significant perception on internal efficiency in public secondary schools in Narok South Sub-County. The researcher recommended that the government and other stakeholders should enhance internal efficiency by creating awareness to parents on the retrogressive cultural practices in Narok South Sub-County. The ministry of education to increase the number of boarding secondary schools in Narok South Sub-County in order to help students to continue with education without internal inefficiency.

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