T R A C K       P A P E R

Login Panel

Close tab

Password Meter

Volume 5 Issue 1

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : International Arbitration Practices in Nigeria: A Construction Industry Appraisal

Authors : O. O. Ewa, B. Haytham, E. E. Okon, O. P. Enang, D. A. Emiri

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This paper aims to investigate Corporate Alternative Conflict Management and Dispute Resolution compliance through an appraisal of International Arbitration practices in Project-based Organizations in the Nigerian Construction Industry. In this study, simple percentages and frequencies of occurrence were used to analyse data derived through subject matter interviews and a questionnaire survey. Using the Survey Monkey tool, 85 questionnaires were distributed to key players in the AEC (Architecture-Engineering-Construction) Industry including Engineers, Project Managers, Architects and Quantity Surveyors and 53 were returned complete. The survey indicated that 66% preferred a more private Construction Arbitration to a public Litigation as a preferred method of dispute resolution, with 65% agreeing that a lack of proper project funding hinders the arbitration process in the Nigerian Construction Industry. 66% agree that Arbitration Time contributes more to project delays while 32% believe that Cost of the arbitration process is the greater source of project delays. We recommend that issues of confidentiality be carefully managed in dealing with outside counsels, while Project-based Organisations in Nigeria should ensure to develop master plans compatible with long-term strategies, including setting aside adequate funding for the timely resolution of project disputes through the implementation of only Arbitration-friendly contracts. This paper contributes to knowledge by bringing to bear the current compliance levels of project-based organisations in the practice of Arbitration in the Nigerian Construction Industry.

01-06
2

Title : Venture Capital Financing and The Growth of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Calaber Metroplis, Cross River State, Nigeria

Authors : Mboto Helen Walter, Amenawo I. Offiong, Dr. Chris O. Udoka

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The major thrust of this work was to investigate the impact of venture capital financing on the growth Calabar metropolis   Cross River State. The rationale for this study was to determine   whether the use of venture capital finance, as one of the new sources of financing options by SMEs in Cross River State could create a significant impact on the growth of SMEs. In carrying out this work, a hypothesis was formulated. The financial contracting theory was adopted by the study. The exploratory research design was utilized. In the study, a non probability sampling method (purposive) was used. Using the Yamane formula, a sample of forty (40) SMEs from among the SMEs in Calabar metropolis was selected. The manager, accountant or account officer and secretary were purposively selected and included in the sample. Information were gathered with the utilization of organized solid and approved polls. An aggregate of 120 polls were directed, however 80 recovered. The information was examined with the utilization of various relapse investigation introduced in tables. The discoveries of this examination uncovered that there was a critical effect of investment back on the general development of SMEs in terms of record keeping, volume of business, access to other sources of funding, sales value, and net Assets.  etc.  Accordingly, the study recommended that awareness be created among SMEs on the existence and operations of venture capital as this could be one of the potent ways of boosting sustainable growth and stability of SMEs in particular and socio economic growth and development of the economy in general.

07-16
3

Title : Critiquing The Quality of Education in Public and Private Pre-Primary School Centers in Kenya:A Case of Nairobi County Kenya

Authors : Christine Ratemo Vihenda, Ongâangâa Hudson Ouko

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Quality education is paramount for the realization of holistic development of learners. Parents invest a lot in their children’s education which calls for the provision of quality education. Both public and private sector have to ensure that quality education is provided. The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of pre-primary school education offered by public and private pre-primary schools in Nairobi City County, Kenya. The target population was all public and private pre-primary schools in Nairobi City County. A sample size of 28 0ut of 280 pre-primary school teachers and head teachers were selected randomly. The transformational theory by Freire and Mezirow was used in the study. It is concerned with transformation of learners who are believed to be empty when they come to first contact with school practices. Descriptive research design was used. Questionnaire for the pre-primary teachers and interview schedules for head teachers were used as the research instruments for data collection.  The study involved both qualitative and quantitative approaches respectively. Data analysis was done through descriptive statistics to obtain the quantitative data. To pre-test reliability a pilot study was conducted. This was achieved through the aid of SPSS version 20.0.  Data presentation was done majorly through tabulation and a bar graph both in frequencies and percentage units. The respondents were selected through stratified random sampling and simple random sampling techniques to come up with a rich data that was inferred to all the private and public pre-primary schools in Nairobi City County, Kenya. Among the findings of the study were that staffing affects quality of education. Schools that were poorly staffed recorded poor performance compared to the well-staffed pre-schools. Secondly, teachers who were well motivated performed their duties with minimal supervision, thirdly parental participation affected learning. Learners whose parents got involved in their education had good transition rate. Finally the head teachers had a role to play in ensuring that the educational goals are achieved through proper curriculum implementation and school management. The study recommendations included: there should be a need for the policy makers who are majorly the government officials to increase educational funding to pre-primary schools to improve on quality of education; head teachers should try as much as possible to recruit qualified staff for effective curriculum implementation and encourage the stakeholders to motivate the ECDE teachers to increase their efficiency; Parents need to increase their support to schools in procurement and purchase of school facilities (desk, classrooms, land), purchase of instructional materials (books, pens, charts) and hiring of new teachers to improve on quality and finally further research should be conducted on interaction between teachers and pre-primary pupils in the pre-primary schools.

17-22
4

Title : An Assessment of the Influence of School Contextual Dynamics on Implementation of English Curriculum in Public Secondary Schools in Nakuru East Sub-county, Nakuru County, Kenya

Authors : Cyrus Githinji Wambugu, Dr. Charles Magoma

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

Schools play a critical role in the implementation of the English curriculum. They ensure that syllabus is adequately covered and that students register impressive academic grades in internal and national examinations. Thus, the purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of school contextual dynamics on the implementation of the English curriculum in public secondary schools in Nakuru East Sub-county, Nakuru County, Kenya. The objectives were: to investigate the influence of teacher  factors on implementation of English curriculum in public secondary schools, examine the influence of instructional resources on implementation of English curriculum in public secondary schools, establish the influence of students’ characteristics on implementation of English curriculum in public secondary schools and find out the influence of the school community support on implementation of English curriculum in public secondary schools in Nakuru East Sub-county. The study was guided by the Ecological Systems, the Modern Cognitive and the Curriculum Implementation Theories. The study applied mixed methods approach and explanatory sequential design which involved collecting, analyzing, and mixing both quantitative and qualitative methods. Questionnaires were used to collect data from students whereas interview schedules were used to collect data from teachers and principals. Data analysis began by identifying common themes from the respondents’ description of their experiences. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically along the objectives and presented in narrative forms whereas quantitative data was analyzed descriptively using frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation and inferentially using ANOVA Test Analysis and presented using tables. The study established that teacher factors, instructional resources, school characteristics and school community influence implementation of English curriculum in public secondary schools. Thus, the study recommends that English teachers should undertake refresher courses to acquire emerging strategies on how to implement English curriculum. Schools should ensure availability of suitable, relevant and appropriate teaching and learning resources. Schools should provide opportunities which allow students to interact with colleagues to acquire new approaches of studying English. The Ministry of Education should provide adequate funding coupled with timely disbursement to enable school administrators procure resources for implementation of English curriculum.

23-34
5

Title : Analysis of Irrigation Water Quality in Silifke-Mersin Province, Turkey

Authors : Ahmet Melih Yılmaz, Didem Rabia DEMİR

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This study was performed to identify the irrigation water quality of groundwater resources used in irrigation of some vegetable plants and their effect on soil salinity at plastic houses. Water samples were taken from groundwater resources. In addition, soil samples were taken from the research sites at 0-30 cm soil depth for determination of chemical and physical properties of research soils. In results, soil textures varied from Sandy-Clay-Loam (SCL) to Loam (L). The pH and Electrical Conductivity, EC, of soils within the plastic houses varied from 7.36 to 7.66 and from 375 to 3449 μmhos/cm, respectively. Those parameters for water samples varied from 7.15 to 8.03 and from 437 to 2103 μmhos/cm, respectively. In accordance of United State Salinity Laboratory standard, irrigation water quality was found as C2 (Moderate Saline Water) and C3 (High Saline Water). In general, salinity levels of irrigation water were high and possible reason behind that groundwater could be affected from high saline seawater interactions that are nearby the wells.

35-39
6

Title : The Use of Mobile Devices for Real-Time Data Collection: Challenges, Prospects and Opportunities

Authors : Moses Onazi, Ogah Ida, Aisha Dahunsi, Ngozi Okpala, Nikky Ajoku

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This study was carried out to review the use of mobile devices for data collection in Nigeria and to suggest ways to optimize this technology for real-time data collection. The study also looked at the challenges, prospects and opportunities for the evaluation of projects. A cross sectional study was conducted using Survey Monkey software to administer questionnaires to a cross section of stakeholders within 14 days. Out of 1,000 persons who were approached for the survey, a total of 102 persons responded and provided feedback, but 100 responses were accessed and analyzed given a response rate of 10.2% in the survey. The results obtain from the findings indicated that 99.0% of respondents had experience or participated in data collection. While, 53.0% had used both the smartphones/tablets and paper forms for data collection, 33.0% of the respondents had used only smartphones for data collection and 14.0% had used only paper forms for data collection. Data analysis indicated that 24.0% of all respondents who had used smartphones/tablets encountered some forms of problems, while 76.0% did not encounter any issue. 34.0% of respondents indicated that they had problem using the paper form while 60% indicated that they were comfortable with the paper form. Further analysis suggested that 93.0% of respondents preferred the use of smart phone/tablet method for data collection compared to 7.0% who preferred the use of paper-based data collection method. Results further revealed that 95.0% of respondents had skills or training on the use of smartphones for data collection as against 5.0% who had no training nor skills. However, access to internet connectivity is quiet poor in rural areas where most of the data collection activities take place. Overall, the use of smartphones for data collection in Nigeria is on the increase.  It is recommended that the use of real-time data collection with smartphones should be embraced as their challenges are minimal compared to other forms of data collection.

40-44
7

Title : An Assessment of the Determinants Influencing Pre-school Teachers’ Use of Music on Teaching Oral Skills in Kitengela Zone, Kajiado County, Kenya

Authors : Asman Andai Halima

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

The importance of music has been embraced by the Kenyan pre-school curriculum and impacts on children’s development in self-confidence, listening skills, enjoyment, relaxation and interaction. However, teaching of oral skills has been a challenge and the rate at which pre-school learners grasp speaking and listening skills is below expectations. Pre-school children in Kitengela are experiencing a number of challenges especially when it comes to reading, writing or spelling of words. Thus, the purpose of the study was to assess the determinants influencing pre-school teachers’ use of music on teaching oral skills in Kitengela Zone, Kajiado County, Kenya. Questionnaires were used to collect data from pre-school teachers and observation checklists from pre-school learners. Data analysis began by identifying common themes from the respondents’ description of their experiences. Frequency counts of the responses were then obtained to generate information about the respondents. Qualitative data was analyzed thematically along the objectives and presented in narrative forms whereas quantitative data was analyzed descriptively using frequencies and percentages and inferentially using Chi-Square with the help of Statistical Packages for Social Science (SPSS 23) and results presented using tables and charts. The study established that pre-school teachers’ training in music, experience and perceived music abilities influence teaching of oral skills. The study recommends that, toimprove the use of music as a medium ofinstruction in pre-schools, pre-primary school teachers should be trained on howto use music as a medium of teaching oral skills. There is also need to organize programmes to expose pre-school teachers to use of music to teach oral skills.

45-55
8

Title : Perception of Lagos State Secondary School Students on Influence and Effectiveness of Sex Education on Sexuality Behaviour

Authors : Sanni Omolade. O, Atofojomo Omolade. A, Olaluwoye David. R

Click Here For Abstract

Download Certificate
Abstract :

This study examined the perception of Lagos state secondary school students on influence and effectiveness of sex education on sexuality behaviour. Theoretically, the study is grounded in the Perception theory with focus on selective process theory and Uses and Gratification Theory. Descriptive survey method was adopted and data was collected using self-administered, structured close-ended questionnaire. 480 respondents were randomly selected from eight secondary schools from four local governments in Lagos State, Nigeria. Data collected were analysed using Pearson Product-moment correlation. Results indicated that there is a significant positive relationship between sex education and sexuality behaviour of secondary school students (r=0.34), there is a significant positive relationship between sex education and the effectiveness of sex education to sexual behaviour (r=0.24), and also there is a significant positive relationship between effectiveness of sex education and sexuality behavior of secondary school students. (r=0.39).  The results also showed that majority of the students are aware of sex education which has different meaning to them. 63.8% of the students have received sex education with 53.6% of the students indicating from their teachers. 83.9% of the respondents agreed that sex education is relevant in stimulating their interest in sexual behaviour and 75.0% agreed that sex education is relevant in holding their interest in sexual development. The study recommended that parents/guardians should show more interest in the sexual development of their children/wards. Schools should organise effective communication programmes and seminars about sex education for the secondary school students.

56-64