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Volume 4 Issue 6

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View

Title : Influence of Treated and Untreated Neem (Azadirachta indica) Rind Meal on Haematological and Biochemical Parameters of Weaner Rabbits

Authors : AMAO Emmanuel Ayodele, OLADIPO Olajire Ayodele, SOKUNBI Olujide Adedamola

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Forty mixed breed pre – pubertal male rabbits were used to determine the effect of treated (24 hours soaked and 48 hours soaked in water) and untreated neem rind as inclusion at 10% in rabbits diet on performance (final weight gain, average daily weight gain, average daily feed intake and feed to gain ratio), hematology and serum biochemistry profile. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance. There were significant differences (p<0.05) in all parameters examined under growth performance. Final weight gain, average daily feed intake, and feed to gain ratio were all in favour of animals on the control diet. There were also significant differences (p<0.05) in the haematological parameters, packed cell volume and haemoglobin concentration were significantly in favour of animals on the control diet. RBC, WBC, MCV and MCH had values within normal physiologic range across the treatments. Albumin and glucose showed significant difference across the treatments and all the values were within the physiologic range. Soaked and unsoaked neem rind were found out to depress feed intake, daily weight gain, final weight gain and feed conversion ratio of pre – pubertal rabbits.                           


Title : Agribusiness in Horticulture: Empowerment & Gender Dynamic

Authors : Abdimajid Nunow, Mercy Wanja, Linda Obiero

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Farming has been the backbone of the Kenyan economy. With the different agricultural revolutionary platforms down the Kenyan history, farming has advanced to accommodate the growth of globalization – a key aspect which is characterized by intensified demand of cash crops for export. Kenyans have hedged themselves against food insecurity and poor livelihoods through the adoption of agribusiness. This study focused on exploring how cash crop farming has empowered women and the youths within Kibugu region in Embu County, Kenya.   Through the use of a qualitative research design, the researcher used the semi-structured interviews to collect data from 45 agricultural informants within the region, particularly from the Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operative associations. The exploratory variables for the study included issues of land ownership, land rights and use, agricultural income, cash crops and the position of women and youths in this type of agriculture. The study found that Kibugu farmers have substituted traditional crops with cash crops including coffee and tea which were associated with increased income for the households. Land acquisition is mostly done through inheritance with males having a greater power to own the lands than females. Female gender has been left out in making land decisions, as well as, its control – a key aspect which has left them outside horticultural faming. Consequently, the study found that women have significant control over income realized through horticultural farming, however, agribusiness playing a key role in accommodating women and youths in this sector. The use of chamas (Micro-finance groups) is becoming a popular source of credit to many of the Embu farmers to facilitate their farming and marketing activities. However, the study recommends the use of digital platforms, increasing farming scales and irrigation, and specialization to place agribusiness on a higher level.


Title : Youth Political Participation and Electoral Violence in The 21st Century Nigeria: Bridging The Gap

Authors : Akah Pius Eneji, Chika R. Ikeorji

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Young people have played crucial roles in shaping the political discourse in Nigeria, both negatively and positively. Picking electoral violence as a negative component of this political engagement, this paper provides a comprehensive analysis as to why young people find themselves enmeshed in violent contestations, especially during election periods. The paper goes beyond superficial labels of criticisms tagged on the Nigerian youth by arguing that there is urgent need to understand the structural dynamics which condition violence. Using theoretical constructions by prominent scholars like Douglas North et al. (2014), Huerta (2015) etc., the paper provides lucid political economy explanations of youth’s engagement in electoral violence. Again, the paper analyses youth’s participation in electoral violence in Nigeria and concludes by providing key recommendations to the various stakeholders, including political parties, electoral management bodies, CSOs and governments on how to dissuade young people from participating in electoral violence.