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Volume 14 Issue 1

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View

Title : Effectiveness of Schools’ Teaching Practices on KCSE Performance in Public Secondary Schools in Kakamega County, Kenya

Authors : Violet Odenda Namuhisa, Judah Ndiku

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Abstract :

The development and implementation of effective internal and external quality assessment and standards, provided schools with a foundation for monitoring and evaluating their programs. The purpose of the quality standards and assessment program was to provide a reasonable assurance that the school’s activities conformed to the national standards set by the Ministry of Education, through its Directorate of quality and standards department. One of the ways that ensured internal quality and standards are met was implantation of effective teaching practices. The general objective of this study was to establish the effectiveness of schools’ teaching practices on the Kenya certificate of secondary education performance of public secondary schools in Kakamega County, Kenya. The study was guided by School Based Management Theory. Cross-sectional study design was selected because of the advantage that it provided in saving cost and time in data collection and also that it allowed for standardization of interview questions. The target population was 415 principals, 415 Deputy Principals, 415 directors of studies and 33296 form four candidates 2019.A sample size of 700 respondents was selected using Nassiuma’s formula for number of schools then stratified sampling technique applied to get the sampled schools.100 principals 100 deputy principals 100 director of studies and 400 students were chosen as the sample.  The study relied on primary data and secondary data that was collected using semi-structured questionnaire. Modifications, additional questions and other shortcomings found in the questions were corrected. Descriptive statistical analysis was done using, frequencies and percentages to describe the basic characteristics of the data. Inferential data analysis was done using Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient. Correlation analyses were used to measure the relationship between variables. The correlation analysis results revealed that there was a positive and a strong significant association between schools’ teaching practices and KCSE Performance as supported by (r=0.655, p=0.000). The coefficient of determination (R Square) of 0.875 indicated that the independent variable constituted 87.5% of the variance in the dependent variable. These results therefore explained 87.5% while the 12.5% is explained by other variables outside the scope of this study.


Title : Evaluation of The Antidiabetic Properties of The Aqueous And Methanol Extracts of FICUS MUCUSO (Wild Figs)

Authors : George D.G., Uwakwe A.A., Ikewuchi J.C.

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Abstract :

The vital nature of diabetes mellitus (DM) and the need for continuous search for a possible cure were the motivation for this research work. Wistar strain of albino rats weighing between 100-246g were used and diabetes mellitus was induced via the intraperitoneal injection of 55mg/kg body weight of streptozotocin. The rats were treated with 100mg/kg, 200mg/kg and 400mg/kg body weight of the aqueous and methanol leaf extracts of Ficus mucuso while 100mg/kg body weight of Metformin was used as reference drug. At the concentrations given, the extract significantly (p<0.05) reduced glucose concentration from 23.47±1.24 5.95±0.09 and 24.02±0.92 to 5.95±0.09 and 6.02±0.35mmol/L in the treated groups for aqueous and methanol extracts respectively. Liver function markers and lipid profile that were affected in the diabetic control group were improved in many of the treated groups. The extracts also caused marked improvement in the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and reduced glutathione (GSH) and a reduction in malondialdehyde (MDA), creatinine and urea. The results obtained from this study indicates that the aqueous and methanol leaf extracts of F. mucuso have antidiabetic characteristics and can be harnessed in alternative medicine in the management of diabetes mellitus.


Title : Kerygma and History in the Theology of Rudolf Karl Bultmann: A Biblical-Theological Study

Authors : Osei-Acheampong Desmond Tutu,Robert Osei-Bonsu

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Kerygma and history in the theology of Rudolf Karl Bultmann is one of the controversial issues in the Biblical-theological study. The topic has received divergent opinions from Biblical-theological scholars. Some scholars portrayed ‘’kerygma’’ as the proclamation or preaching of the cross. The questions motivated by this study is that,how does Scripture be demythologized? What is the right presupposition method employed to interpret the Scripture and shape the theological ideas? What does the Greek word ‘’kerygma’’ imply? How does Rudolf Bultmann’s kerygma contribute to Christian theology? The paper will educate and inform the readers thatDemythologization is the hermeneutical method which focuses on the Biblical texts to remove mysteries to get sound theological teachings. The Greek kerygma is originated from the ancient Greek word ‘keruymawhich implies proclamation or preaching of the gospel. Rudolf Bultmann contributed positively to Christian theology in demythologized and dialectical methods.