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Volume 12 Issue 6

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Title : Homeopathic Remedies Combination, the Prime Target for Totality of Symptoms

Authors : Ugwuene F.O., Okoye C.S. , Ugo E.I.

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Abstract :

The effectiveness of combining more than one homeopathic remedy in different potencies was studied and compared with that of single remedy using some case studies and literal work. The objective of this work is to see if the use of remedies combination in homeopathic treatment is holistic as to cover the homeopathic principle of totality of symptoms. All the case studies overviewed in this work agree that homeopathic remedies combination in homeopathic treatment enables the homeopath to easily achieve totality of symptoms in homeopathic treatment. This work also subscribes that if constituent remedies in the combinations are carefully selected with avoidance of antidotes and inimical elements, homeopathic remedies combinations will serve as supper polychrest in the body system.


Title : Atmospheric Correction of SPOT Satellite Images

Authors : Chien-Hui Liu

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Abstract :

Atmospheric correction (AC) is an essential procedure to quantitatively analyze remote sensing data. Atmospheric effect (AE) of satellite images can be corrected to obtain surface reflectance from top-of-atmospheric signal. This study is to introduce the atmospheric correction method of SPOT satellite image. The results show that AC is important, especially at visible bands. Neglecting AC can lead relative errors of reflectance to 64% and 32% at green and red bands, respectively. The physical mechanism of AE at visible, near-IR and shortwave IR bands is also explained.


Title : Antidiabetic, Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Pterocarpus Erinaceus on Albino Mice

Authors : Victoria F. Ajayi, SAMUEL T. IORON, Patricia O. Odumosu

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Abstract :

Diabetes mellitus and disease that are associated with it is a major public health problem that affects approximately 5% of the world's population. .The study aims at evaluating the antidiabetic,analgesic and anti-inflammatory effectof ethylacetate  fraction of Pterocarpuserinaceus on Albino Mice.  The acute toxicity study and phytochemical screening were carried out on the ethylacetate fraction.Antidiabetic, Analgesic,Anti-inflammatory activity were also analysed at different doses. The acute toxicity study showed LD50 of 5000mg/kg while the phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoids, tannins,steroids and cardiac glycosides majorly. The two doses exhibited significant reduction in blood glucose levels but was more pronounced in 250mg/kg on 4th day when compared with glibenclamide, The analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of ethylacetate fraction of pterocarpuserinaceuswas investigated in swiss albino mice with significant (P< 0.05) analgesic effects and (P< 0.05) anti-inflammatory effects.

The doses of 200mg/kg, 400mg/kg showed a better analgesic effect compared to the positive control (Pentazocine 10mg/kg), significant difference in mean time reaction compared within the fraction. The 400mg/kg showed a better anti-inflammatory effect compared to the positive control (Aspirin 100mg/kg), significant difference in mean time reaction compared within the fraction. The present study validates the folk medicinal use of the plant in Jos, Plateau state for diabetes mellitus and pain.