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Volume 12 Issue 5

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View

Title : Evaluation of Teaching and Learning Using Formative Assessment for Sustainable Development Goals

Authors : Kunuba Agatha C.

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Abstract :

This article focuses on the achievement of sustainable development with the use of formative assessment for quality education. Quality Education is the 4th goal of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It aims at ensuring inclusive and equitable education for all, and the promotion of lifelong learning opportunities for all. Formative assessment has an essential role to play in the teaching and learning process that can bring about quality education. Evaluation is conducted to find out what worked, what did not work, what needs changing before you reiterate the course. Evaluation looks at the extent of progress being made in learning. It does this through measurement tools, and one of these tools is educational assessment; formative and summative. Formative assessment is assessment forlearning. It aims at enhancing learning. It helps the teacher to prepare the students for future achievement.Formative assessment also helps teachers to know the extent of the achievement of instructional objectives. It helps teachers to regularly (daily) assess student’s progress in their learning of a subject. Formative assessment is not interested in just passing examination but rather in the integral formation of the learner so that the learner can have a better future. For a sustainable development, learning must prepare students and learners of all ages to find solutions for the challenges of today and the future. This is what formative assessment does for the learner. It is transformative and therefore, helpslearners to make informed decisions and take individual and collective action to change our societies and care for the planet.


Title : Stochastic Frontier Approach to Resource-Use Efficiency Analysis of Cotton farmers In Northeast Zone, Nigeria

Authors : MUHAMMAD Bala, Kara, H.A, Abdussalam ADAMU JEGA

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Abstract :

The paper examined the Stochastic Frontier Approach to Resource-Use Efficiency Analysis of Cotton Farmers in Northeast Zone, Nigeria. Data were obtained from a sample of 360 households using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive Statistics and resource-use efficiency models were employed in analyzing the data collected. Results show that the mean year of cotton farmers in the study area was almost 49, with 12.53 as a Standard deviation. More than half of the cotton farmers did not acquire a higher level of education. The result shows that cotton farmers have various experiences in their farming activities with a mean farming experience of 17.48 and a Standard Deviation of 6.23. This ascertained the fact that “experience boosts professional disposition in the art of carrying out farming activities”. The input/output variation result shows that the coefficient of variation of production is 192.54 kg/ha, indicating a larger variability in cotton production among farmers. Fertilizer had the meanest variability of 89.10 kg/ha and Standard deviation of 25.75 with a minimum and maximum quantity of 20 kg/ha, and 200 kg/ha, respectively. The result of the resource-use efficiency shows that the labor coefficient is negative, meaning that farmers are experiencing a decrease in their profit as a result of extreme use of labor. The variable inputs as seed, fertilizer, and agrochemical are being utilized efficiently by the farmers in the study area, as their coefficients are greater than one. Therefore, the research concludes that for the output to be increased, variables with a positive coefficient greater than one should be increased.