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Volume 11 Issue 6

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Title : Evaluation of Surface Water Characteristics for Sustainable Aquatic Life: A Case Study of Ukpiovwin River, Udu Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria

Authors : Nwokoro Chijioke, Onosemuode Christopher

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Abstract :

The study of the water characteristics of Ukpiovwin River was carried out with a view of determining the concentration of some metals for the sustainability of the aquatic ecosystem.  Surface water samples were collected at a depth of 0–100 cm, with 1 L plastic containers that were pre-rinsed with trioxonitrate (v) acid for 24 h and rinsed with de-ionized water. The concentrations of the metals (As,Ba, Mn, Zn, Pb,Hg, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni, and V) were determined using a varian atomic absorption spectrophotometer (spectra AA-100). The study shows that apart from As, Ba, Ni and V were below the FEPA limit. The range of concentration of metals that were above the FEPA limit are the in the order of Cd


Title : E –Counselling For Quality and Sustainable Blended Learning in Higher Institution

Authors : Veronica Ibitola Makinde

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Abstract :

The outbreak of COVID – 19 and the consequent lockdown of commercial activities in 2020 put many developing nations like Nigeria amid sporadic ICT knowledge revolution, as new vistas in communication technology that had hitherto been neglected emerged. The closure of schools created challenges that almost eroded the three major purposes of tertiary institutions vis àvis education, advancement of knowledge, and outreach. Many students became idle with sharp rise in social vices and cybercrimes. Concerted effort were made to ameliorate this problem through online lessons but findings revealed that students’ inability to access e – learning platforms and learning materials, poor attendance of students,  social isolation and distraction from home inhibited the effectiveness thus the reopening of schools for physical learning. Recently there are advocacy for Blended learning (BL) as Post - Covid strategy to enhance quality and sustainable education as well as to maintain ‘new normal’. This paper, therefore, examines the concept of quality and sustainable education as well as the concept and challenges of blended learning. Challenges relating to the use of technology, social cohesion, mental health and wellbeing of students and lecturers were identified as possible hindrances to effective blended learning. The use of E-Counselling technologies was recommended to counsellors as strategies for deploying counselling services to assist the students and lecturers in achieving quality and sustainable blended learning.


Title : An Evaluation of Factors Affecting Visual Fine Artists in the wake of COVID-19 towards Economic Empowerment in Kisumu City

Authors : Dr. Wagah Mical Ongachi

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Abstract :

Fine Artists are among the population residing in a cosmopolitan city of Kisumu and they leverage on their skills and talents for economic empowerment.Kisumu city economic empowerment is currently experiencing the highest average urban "poverty levels at 48% against a national average of 29%. Available statistics indicate that Kisumu, which is net food importer, registers one of the highest incidences of food poverty with 53.4% of its population living below the food poverty line as compared to Nairobi [8.4%], Mombasa [38.6%] and Nakuru [30%]. Kisumu being the third largest city, yet even Nakuru is a head of it in terms of poverty line it calls for a study to find out the position of Fine Artists who rely on their skills and talents for economic empowerment in the wake of COVI-19. The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors affecting visual fine artists in the wake of covid-19 towards economic empowerment in Kisumu city. The findings revealed that sicknessranked first, followed with low sells of artworks, then displacement from working sites and curfew contributed to the challenges respectively.