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Volume 11 Issue 2

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Undergraduates Perception of Library Services in Lagos State Public University Libraries

Authors : Makinde Omawumi O., Ogungbo Wakilu Omolere, Dapo-Asaju Harriet Seun, Ekeh Esther Motunrayo

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Abstract :

This study examined undergraduates’ perception of library services in Lagos State public university libraries. The main objective of this study was to examine undergraduate’ perception of library services in two government-owned university libraries in Lagos State. Seven specific objective and research questions were formulated to assist in this research. These objectives are to identify the library services available; the types of library services accessed by the undergraduates; ascertain the frequency of usage of library services; investigate the purposes for which undergraduates use the library services; determine undergraduates’ perception of library services; examine the level of quality of services provided; find out undergraduates’ expectations of library services in the public university libraries in Lagos State. This study used Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to analyse the data. Descriptive statistics such as frequency count, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the research questions. The study revealed that library services were available and accessible to undergraduates in public universities in Lagos State. Reference services are frequently used because of the conducive environment for research and learning activities. Findings revealed that undergraduates’ have high perception on quick access to timely and current information, access to electronic database within and outside the library and online services that enabled them to access and retrieve information resources. The library services most rated high in the study was reference services, circulation services and online services. The quality of library infrastructural facilities was rated high. The study revealed that undergraduate expectations of library services between university of Lagos and Lagos State University were not different from each other while the perception of LASU was higher than that of UNILAG. Based on the result of the finding, the following recommendations are hereby made: the university libraries should create awareness of services rendered in the library; library management should provide fund to acquire more materials and services that will support undergraduates’ information needs. Library management should always evaluate library services by asking undergraduates to rating the quality of services. This will promotes better performance and improve services rendered and they should also organize training for the personnel on how to relate with undergraduates.

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2

Title : Sexual Violence among In-School Females in Tafawa Balewa Local Government Area of Bauchi State, Nigeria

Authors : Luther Joshua, Sally N.O. Ibe, Chinyere R. Nwufo, Chikodi I.M. Ezurike, Truth C. Ezeudoye

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Sexual violence is a serious public health and human rights problem that is grossly under reported in Nigeria. This work studied sexual violence among in-school females in Tafawa Balewa Local Government of Bauchi State in Nigeria. The study employed the descriptive study design which was found to be appropriate for the study. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to fist select 40% of the secondary schools in the Local Government of interest, then a sample size of 409, determined using Nwana’s formula was selected from the target population, constituting 10percent of the target population of 4090. Structured questionnaire was used to elicit information from the respondents. The variables studied were; socio-demographic characteristics, types of sexual violence, predisposing factors, likely effects and risk factors of sexual violence among in-school females. The respondents were aged 15-19 years and 209(51.10%) were Christians while 200(48.90%) were Muslims. They were all in the senior secondary classes of SSS1 (106, 25.92%), SSS2 (120, 29.34%) and SS3 (183, 44.74%). The types of sexual violence among in-school females included; showing sex suggestive pictures (180, 44.01%), suggestive remarks on sexual interaction (162, 39.61%), among others. However, more respondents did not acknowledge the types of sexual violence stated. Predisposing factors acknowledged by respondents were mainly poor legal sanctions against sexual violence (79.46%), limited level of education/awareness on sexual violence (65.28%), and experience of unreported child sexual abuse (65.28%). Likely effects of sexual violence acknowledged by respondents include; Gynaecological complications (58.92%), suicidal ideas (54.52%), alcohol and drug use (56.48%) among others. Risk factors were reported as poverty (66.01%), becoming more educated (64.06%), alcohol and drug abuse (54.77%), among others. The results of this study reveal that sexual violence occur among in-school females but they were not yet very open about that, which might be as a result of the negative perception held about the situation. The findings of this study also support the assertion of under reporting of sexual violence in this society. There is need to formulate targeted policies and programmes to address this concern.

 

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3

Title : Relationship between Entry Level, Attitude and Students’ Performance in Mathematics in Public Secondary Schools in Kisumu East District, Kenya

Authors : Manoah Sylvia Awuor

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Mathematics is one of the core subjects in secondary school curriculum. Performance in the subject is crucial for students’ admission to scientific and technological professions.However, there has been persistent poor performance in the subject particularly in Kisumu East District as revealed by the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education examination results for the years 2006 to 2008 with mean scores of 3.2282, 3.3691 and 4.0660 respectively.This may deny students access to the competitive professions. Factors contributing to this poor performance have not been exhaustively studied. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between students’ entry level, attitude towards mathematics and performance in mathematics.The studywas conducted in public secondary schools in Kisumu East District and employed correlation design in which the dependent variable was performance and independent variables were entry level and attitude. The study sample was 986 Form 4 students, representing 33% of the population. Data collection instruments were students Questionnaire(SQ) and Mathematics Test(MT).Quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Regression analysis wasrun to determine the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. The findings established that the two independent variables had significant effect on performance in MT for both girls and boys. Based on the results it is advisable that performance of students at KCPE to be considered during intake to Form 1,girls’ attitude towards mathematic content and boys’ attitude towards methods of teaching should be enhanced by mathematics teachers.

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4

Title : Factors Influencing Adoption of Bamboo (DEDROCALAMUS ASPER) for Agro Forestry in Selected Subcounties of Nyandarua County, Kenya

Authors : Damaris M Nzyuko, Jacinta M. Kimiti, Joshua Matata Kimondiu

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Bamboo (Dedrocalamus asper) is a very fast growing, extensive, low-cost plant in the family of grasses with great potential in environmental conservation and poverty alleviation. It has over 1500 documented uses. However, with the present crisis of land in Kenya especially in high potential areas where bamboo is grown, there is a need to identify options of cultivating bamboo as an agroforestry crop. Therefore, the main objective of the study was to establish factors influencing uptake of bamboo for agroforestry in selected Sub Counties in Nyandarua County, Kenya. The specific objectives were; to investigate the agroforestry systems in the selected Sub Counties of Nyandarua County, to establish the factors influencing the adoption of bamboo for agroforestry in selected sub counties of Nyandarua County and to examine the problems faced by farmers cultivating bamboo in selected sub counties of Nyandarua. Closed and open-ended questionnaires were administered to 132 bamboo farmers as the targeted population. The data collected was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Statistics (SPSS) version 23 for data analysis. Likert Chi- square tests were run to establish the relationship between the rate of bamboo adoption and problems encountered, the agroforestry system practiced and the social economic factors. From the results home gardening was the main type of agroforestry system practiced. It was revealed that, monthly household income (χ² = 29.87 and χ² =20.053, P = 0.014 and 0.021), size of land (χ² =1.433, and χ² =4.633, P value = 0.031 and 0.009), income from crops intercropped with bamboo (χ² 14.173 and χ² 25.243; P = 0.004 and p= 0.000) influenced the rate of adoption of bamboo (χ² 14.173 and χ² 25.243; P = 0.004 and p= 0.000) for Ol’kalou and Ol’jororok Sub Counties, respectively). The study recommended more research on crops suitable for intercropping with bamboo as an agroforestry crops.

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5

Title : Evaluation of Rice Husk Ash from Different Rice Varieties from Nigeria: Silica Content and Lethality to Two Storage Beetles

Authors : Atewoja Y.Y., Ofuya T.I., Idoko J.E., Adebayo R.A.

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This study was conducted under ambient laboratory conditions of the Research Laboratory, Department of Crop, Soil and Pest Management, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria, to evaluate the lethality of rice husk ash (RHA) of six rice varieties from different geographical areas in Nigeria to the cowpea seed beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus Fabricius and the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky in relation to the silica content.  RHA was produced and the silica content determined using standard methods. The lethality of the RHAs was tested at 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0 g/20 g of grain dosages against 10 adult beetles. The silica content ranged from 54.65% to 90.45% being highest for Jemila variety RHA and lowest with Igbemo RHA. Irrespective of dosage and duration of exposure, all the RHAs generally produced significant mortality of C. maculatus and S. zeamais in comparison with the control. The Jemila variety RHA was most lethal to the two storage beetles followed by the FARO 44 and Kilaki RHAs. RHA lethality to the two beetles was significantly positively correlated with silica content. RHA with high silica content is suited for inclusion in insecticidal botanical cocktails and integrated stored grain protection.

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6

Title : An Analysis of the Forecasted and Actual Crude Oil Production: A Case Study of Fields in the North Sea Norway

Authors : Joseph A. Adetuberu, Sunday S. Ikiensikimama, Amieibibama Joseph

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Norway has shown some developmental strides within the offshore Oil and Gas industry and the accessibility to data through the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD) has aided research in the sector. Several policies have affected the Oil and Gas industry and limited funding for development poses more risk to the survival of the sector. There is a need to fully understand the production reality of the Sector. In this research, eleven (11) Oil fields were selected which have been fully produced and abandoned, the Pre-FID (Final Investment Decision) data was gathered and reviewed to generate a Pre-FID production forecast. The forecast was generated using the Que$tor tool and the values compared with the actual production from the field to understand the trends across fields. It was observed that for fields with life span less than 20years, the cumulative actual production was averagely 5% less than the Original recoverable oil and for fields with life span greater than 20years, the cumulative actual production was averagely 5% more than the Original recoverable oil. For the first 3-5years of the fields, the actual production was observed to be more than the forecasted production and the reverse is the case after 5years. The variations within 3-5years can be attributed to project schedule delays and after 5years pressure on the companies to meet up their production targets and loan obligations. A trend of increased production was observed with reactions to the periods of Oil price increase.

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7

Title : Audience Perception of Social Media Messages on Security Challenges in the South East, Nigeria: Implication for Audience Gate Keeping

Authors : Gloria Eberechukwu Nwodu, Chinwe Beatrice Ezeoke , Nonye Benedeth Ezeaka

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Despite the benefits and pitfalls of social media in national security and it's adoption in communicating diverse security messages in a volatile environment, there is a lack of studies that measured or identified users' perceptions of social media messages on security challenges. The study bridges this gap in literature, it used Four Index Perception Evaluation Scale (FIPES): hatred-support perception dimension, propaganda-disinformation perception dimension, conversationality-tone perception dimension, and believability dimension, to investigate the situation. Four objectives that guided the study are framed in relation to each of the four index perception evaluation dimensions. Survey research design was used in the study; population comprises two categories of social media users. A sample size of 310 respondents was used and determined by Cochran approach. A web-based questionnaire worded in five-point Likert was used to collect data; while data were analysed using descriptive statistics. Decision making was done using mean score of Five-point Likert scale. Findings show that audience perceived social media messages on southeast insecurity to portray hatred or support for either of the two principal actors (IPOB & Federal Government of Nigeria) in the imbrioglio.

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