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Volume 10 Issue 3

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Binary Logistic Regression Analysis of Factors Associated With Unrest among Public Secondary School Students in Kenya

Authors : Echaune Manasi, Nelly Andiema

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Abstract :

Student unrest witnessed in public secondary schools in Kenya especially in the second term is a threat to the education system. This study employed binary logistic regression analysis to analyze the factors associated with unrest among public secondary school students in Kenya. The dichotomous outcome variable was whether unrest would occur in a school or not.  The selected explanatory variables were type of school, age, experience and leadership style of the principal.   Data used in the study was collected from thirty principals in Bungoma, Kenya. The logistic regression model suggested that the coefficients of the principal’s experience (1.567, p=000) and type of school (3.491, p=000) were statistically significant. The study recommended that promotion of teachers to management position should be based on experience.

01-05
2

Title : Scrutinizing the Parallel line between Religion and Politics: Christian Ethical Moral Point of View

Authors : Omojuwa Ayodele Iyabo

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Abstract :

There are many people who believe that a Christian should not get mixed up in politics and that politics is a dirty game that Christians should have no part in it. There are others who believe that Christians in responsible positions can do great good and that political power should not be allowed to be a monopoly of those who might abuse it.  Moreover, a Christian politician can persuade his fellow citizens to raise their standards. Wilberforce and his friends abolished slave trade, Shaftesbury and his friends prevented the abuse of child labour.  In line with the above, the concern of this paper therefore is to find out which of these two opinion is right by scrutinizing the Christian religious text - the Bible, Christians influence, moral law, layman’s witness and the church towards politic. This paper through descriptive survey highlighted the opinion of the stakeholders in Christian religion such as Pastors, Evangelists, Deacons and Deaconesses concerning their option about the relationship between religion and politics. The study was carried out in ten Local governments in Lagos state. Stratified sampling technique was used to selected the total numbers of forty (40) Pastors, forty (40) Evangelists and twenty Deacons (20) from ten (10) Local Governments on the relationship between religion and politics. The outcome of the survey buttress the fact that  personal preparation for the kingdom of God is here on earth and it includes the following: Vote in a general or local election or join a political party, become an elected Representative.

06-12
3

Title : Predictive Model for Tensile Ductility and Optimization of Process Variables for Arc-Welded and Tempered Micro-alloyed Steel

Authors : S. A. Adzor, G. T. Adaga, P. A. Ihom

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Abstract :

The over reliance on trial and error technique by many engineers/welders in the selection of optimum conditions of welding and heat treatment process variables to maximize the mechanical properties of steel weldment for enhanced performance in service has always been a huge challenge. Therefore, to avoid this time consuming practice, which most often do not produced welds with satisfactory quality in terms of fitness for service and cost. This research study has therefore, provides a systematical approach in developing an appropriate mathematical relationship between the process and response variables, with an optimization method for finding the welding and heat treatment process variables to maximize tensile ductility of the arc-welded and tempered micro-alloyed steel. The response surface methodology based on optimal design was employed to model and optimize the process variables. The results of the analysis of variance of the developed model for percent elongation indicated that it is statistically significant at p<0.0001. The regression coefficient (R2) and adjusted coefficient (R2adj.) values of 97.77% and 95.76% respectively, indicate that the developed model can adequately approximate the actual response data in the design space, and a proof that it is valid. Predicted and experimental results of the validation tests were found to be in reasonable agreements. This implies that the optimization technique adopted was reliable. The optimum input values of the process variables that resulted in maximum percent elongation of 29.523% in the micro-alloyed steel weldment were welding current setting of 101.408amps, tempering temperature of 4500C and soaking time of 120.0003 minutes.

13-22
4

Title : Prevalence and Patterns of Sexual Violence among Nigerian Adolescents in North-Central Geo-Political Zone

Authors : Dr. Adekola Kamil LASISI, Dr. Nkechi OZURUMBA

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Abstract :

Sexual violence occurs commonly worldwide and is particularly pervasive in the developing world. The dimension of this anomaly is not only worrisome but pervasive in West Africa especially, Nigeria. This study was carried out to explore the prevalence, pattern, determinants and perpetrators of sexual violence on Nigerian adolescents in North Central State of Kwara. A multi-stage purposive sampling technique was used to select 456 adolescents from nine local government areas across the three senatorial zones of Kwara State.  They consisted of 378 female (82.9) and 78 male (17.1). The ages of the participants range from 11 to 19 years with mean age and standard deviation of the ages as 14.62 years and 12.25 respectively. Majority of the participants were single (80.9%), in-school (86.%), and Christian (51.3%). A structured interview and self-developed but well validated scale was used to collect the data. The generated data was analysed using simple percentage for demographic data and research question, and student t. test to for the generated hypotheses. The prevalence of sexual violence among the participants is 27.63, the virginal sexual violence accounted for 96%. Among perpetrators of this act, 98.41% of them were boyfriends, 63.49% were classmates and 62.7% were teachers. 22.2% of the cases were disclosed by the victims of this gruesome act. It was discovered that there was significant difference in the prevalence of sexual violence among male and female adolescent (t. calculated = 3.45, df = 454 and P > 0.05); there was significant difference in the prevalence of sexual violence among younger and older adolescents (t. calculated = 3.15, df = 454 and P > 0.05). The findings were discussed and necessary suggestions based on the outcome of the study were highlighted. This includes appropriate use of public enlightenment and sex education to reduce the prevalence of this horrible act.

23-27
5

Title : Strategies of Marking Tense and Aspect among the Samor of Baringo County, Kenya A Morpho- Phonosyntactic Study

Authors : Daniel Kandagor Chepyegon, Dr. Josphine Khaemba, Dr. Phylis Bartoo, Dr. Andrew Chelimo

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Abstract :

This paper responds to a concern about the neglect of minor sub- dialects such as Samor in a wide range of research that focus on the analysis of tense. It is noted in this research that a majority of studies tend to focus on dominant languages leaving out minor sub- dialects. This paper focuses on the varying morpho- syntactic features in Samor a minor sub- dialect that mark tense. A linguist’s desire is to investigate less studied dialects so as to describe their grammar. This paper responds to that concern. The paper contends that there is need to investigate the unique grammatical properties of minor sub- dialects since this aids in the preservation and understanding of the unique character traits that describe the people of this earth. One such character trait that describes people is the language they speak. The paper discusses the phonological features and strategies used in expressing tense and aspect in Samor. The research used the non- probability sampling using the convenience or opportunity sampling to sample one hundred utterances in Samor that were used to analyze the data. The paper used tape recording, interview and field notes to collect data. Non- probability sampling was also used to select the ceremonies that would be tape recorded. The data was transcribed, organized and analysed for tense marking strategies. Using Feature Checking Theory, this theory is important since it identifies the grammatical features that are used to mark tense. The theory proposes the following tense marking features: tense, person, number and gender. The theory proposes that such features are checked against any utterance to ensure grammaticality. In addition, the study used another theory in descriptive linguistics referred to as Grounded Theory. This theory enables a researcher to categorize data into analyzable units. The paper found out that Samor is a verb initial sub- dialect and morpho- syntactic features such as tense and aspect are marked in the verbal stem by attaching affixes. In addition, the paper found out that phonological processes such as tone, vowel lengthening and doubling play a key role in tense and aspect marking in Samor.

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