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Volume 10 Issue 2

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : An Investigation of the Level of Digital Literacy Skills Possessed By Academic Librarians in Nigerian Universities

Authors : Endouware B. Christy, Dushu T. Yusuf

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Libraries of the  21st century are operating in a completely different environment. This is because the 21st century is information-driven and  highly digitized. Library patrons appear to have also responded to the changing realities, thus  placing new demands on library professionals. To meet up with such demands, library professionals need to acquire digital literacy skills. This is particularly important for academic libraries because of their critical roles in supporting learning. Despite the importance of digital literacy skills in the delivery of libraries services, studies on the subject matters, especially from developing countries are still emerging. The objective of this study was to ascertain the level of digital literacy skills among library professionals from South-South Nigeria. The researchers raised four specific objectives to address this issue. The survey research design was used to conduct the study. The sample size was made up of 100 library professionals of federal university from South-South Nigeria.  The questionnaire served as the instrument for data collection. In the analysis of data for the study, descriptive statistics like simple percentages, mean and standard deviation were used.   The result of the study revealed, among others that there is low level of digital literacy skills among the sample studied. The researchers also found that digital literacy skills are essential for the delivery of library services in the 21st century. Also, the result of the study showed that challenges that range from finance, to lack of interest on the part of library professionals limit the acquisition of digital literacy skills. Based on this results, it was recommended, among others that policy makers should take practice steps aimed at encouraging digital literacy skill acquisition among library professionals in Nigeria. Further studies are also recommended to be conducted in other areas for deeper understanding.

01-08
2

Title : Application of Public Relations in Enhancing Healthcare Delivery to Women of Reproductive Age in South-East Nigeria

Authors : Justie O.Nnabuko, Judith Onyiaji

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This study investigated the extent and frequency of use of PR tools for enhancing healthcare delivery to women of reproductive age from selected states in South-East Nigeria. The   survey research design was adopted for the study while data was collected from 201 PR experts and 384 women of reproductive age (18-49 years). Mean, and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the t-test was used to test the hypotheses raised.  The findings included  that most of the  PR tools, such as attendance at public events, blogging, social media marketing, advocacy and word of mouth advertising  were used to a low extent. Based on the findings of this study, the researchers recommended, among others, that health workers should make use of PR tools to a large extent in delivering healthcare services to women of reproductive age.

09-15
3

Title : Factors Affecting Exclusive Breastfeeding among Nursing Mothers in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Authors : Alade T. T., Bamidele T. O., Owoeye S. T.

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Successful breast feeding is crucial to the curbing of infant malnutrition and achieving the millennium development and sustainable development goals for reducing child mortality. It was observed by the researchers that there is high increase in mortality rate due to lack of exclusive breastfeeding, as a result of the socio-economic status of the parents. The study investigated socio-economic factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding among nursing mothers in Ekiti state, Nigeria. Descriptive type of research design was used for the study. The population of this study comprises of nursing mothers attending public health institutions in the four (4) local selected for the study. The sample size of four hundred (400) respondents was used for the study. Multi-staged sampling technique was used, the data gathered from the administered questionnaire was analysed using inferential statistics of Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The reliability of the study was ascertained with the coefficient (r) of 1 at 0.05 level of significance. The researchers concluded that level of education, income level and health status after birth are factors affecting exclusive breastfeeding among nursing mothers in Ekiti State. The researchers recommended that nursing mothers should see value in education by creating willingness in the acquisition of information and knowledge that will enable them to practice exclusive breastfeeding effectively, immediate needs and quality care should be acquired within the limit of income of individual nursing mothers at a particular time to encourage mothers, child growth and development, order than running into bankruptcy after birth.

16-19
4

Title : Rapid Hair Depigmentation Following Treatment with Pazopanib for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: Case Report

Authors : S Harrak, S Lemsanes, S Razine, S Najem, S Lkhoyaali , S Boutayeb, H Errihani

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Pazopanib is an orally available multietyrosine kinase inhibitor that is able to counteract angiogenesis and reduce cell growth and survival. The therapeutic efficacy and safety of pazopanib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) were demonstrated in phase 3 randomized controlled trials versus placebo or sunitinib.

Pazopanib is generally well tolerated, with an acceptable and manageable safety profile in this population. Hair hypopigentation is a common side effect of pazopanib therapy which usually develops gradually during few months of therapy.

In this review, we will describe one case of rapid hair depigmentation associated with pazopanib supplemented with pictures.

20-21
5

Title : Adequacy of PMTCT Facilities for PMTCT Service Delivery in Abia State, Nigeria

Authors : T.C. Ezeudoye, S.N.O. Ibe, C.R. Nwufo

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Adequacy of PMTCT facilities is paramount for quality PMTCT service delivery. This study was designed and undertaken to determine the adequacy of equipment and materials in the facilities that provide PMTCT services in Abia State. A descriptive cross-sectional survey design was employed for the study. The study targeted the health facilities supported by the Abia State Agency for the Control of AIDS. Out of seventeen (17) Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Abia state, four (4) LGAs were randomly selected for the study and all eighty-one (81) health facilities which provided PMTCT services in the selected LGAs were studied.  The facilities constitute 66(74%) primary health facilities, 14(17.3%) secondary health facilities, and only 1(8.6%) tertiary health facility.Instrument for data collection was the checklist which elicited information on the adequacy of the health facilities in relation to health workers, equipment and materials to render PMTCT services. Analysis of data was done using descriptive statistics. The results revealed that only 10(12.3%) health facilities out of the 81 health facilities carry out Caesarean Section. The overall assessment showed that PMTCT service providers in Abia state are not adequate. Only 2(2.5%) of the health facilities had an adequate number of medical doctors and pharmacists. None of the health facilities studied (0%) had the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) machine which is a major requirement for PMTCT service delivery. More facilities 72(88.9%) had adequate supply of HIV test kits and 60(74.1%) had adequate supply of Anti-retroviral drugs. Poor PMTCT service delivery previously reported in Abia State could likely be as a result of the nonavailability of adequate personnel, required, equipment, and materials for optimum PMTCT service delivery. There is a need to give priority attention to this important component of PMTCT service delivery in the state if the desired reduction in mother -to-child transmission of HIV has to be achieved on target. 

22-28
6

Title : Extent of Use of Indigenous Technical Knowledge in Livestock Protection among the Maasai of Loita Ward of Narok County, Kenya

Authors : Josephat K. Kereto, Agnes Oywaya-Nkurumwa, James Obara

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Accumulated over time, the use of indigenous technical knowledge by the Maasai in protecting livestock against poor nutrition, improper breeding, pests or parasites, diseases as well as injuries emanating from accidental incidences caused by predation, lightning, raids and vehicles is on the decline. Knowledge on biodiversity used to conserve forests that ensure regular supply of water, availability of pastures and herbal plants for livestock treatment is unrecorded. The co-existence of the Maasai with wildlife albeit the danger they pose on livestock lives and the environmentally friendly techniques used to sustain the environment for future generations are diminishing. Oral channels used to transmit the Maasai indigenous technical knowledge by way of stories, riddles and proverbs from one generation to the other are also rare. Information on conservation agriculture practice, manure as well as stinging nettle uses by the Maasai is scarce as the extension service providers are largely absent. The purpose of the study was to determine the extent of use of ITK in livestock protection among the Maasai of Loita Ward compared to the use of modern scientific knowledge from extension service providers. The study employed a survey research design and was carried out in Loita Ward of Narok County, Kenya. The target population was the 30,130 pastoral Maasai households in Narok South Sub-county while the accessible population was 2,437 households in Loita Ward who applied indigenous livestock protection techniques. A sample of 120 respondents was selected through proportionate random sampling method. Qualitative data generated from Interview Schedule, Focus Group Discussions and Key Informants were studied and analyzed using Thematic Content Analysis in order to establish inherent facts and information about the extent of use of ITK in livestock protection. Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used for quantitative data analysis. The study revealed that Indigenous Technical Knowledge is the main knowledge disseminated by the Loita Maasai in the protection of their livestock though modern ideas have always found their way into the community through neighbours or demonstrations and shows seen elsewhere. Extension service providers (ESPs) understanding and disseminating both ITK and modern information, c improve synergy and lead to improved community livelihoods. This study recommends that the National Government and the County Government of Narok should safeguard the documented ITK of the pastoralists as it is a vital resource and knowledge from total loss and its exploitation by other people at the expense of the owners, the Maasai.

 

29-37
7

Title : 2-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Technique for Locating Buried Materials and Characterizing the Depth to Basement Rock at Owo, Southwest, Nigeria

Authors : OLANEGAN Paul Oluwasegun, FASUNLA Olukayode Michael

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A Wenner array electrode configuration was employed to collect apparent resistivity data over a profile line of length 24m in order to characterize the depth to the weathered basement rock for geotechnical assessment and groundwater investigation at a location in Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State. To ensure accuracy in the resistivity model interpretation, high resistive materials and low resistive materials were buried at pre-determined locations along the profile line. A multi-electrode Wenner array configuration was adopted using 49 electrodes, for a minimum electrode spacing of 0.5m covering 8 datum levels and 176 sounding points. The RES2DInv program was used to invert the apparent resistivity data and the resistivity model interpreted show that while the location and depth of the buried materials are accurately mapped, the depth to the weathered layer is averagely 1m thick from about 2.6m deep to a depth of 3.6m with resistivity of 362 Ω.m. The water table is encountered at a depth of 3.69m which is the surface of the saturated weathered layer. The highest resistivity of 1283 Ω.m which accurately mapped the buried empty kegs confirms that the resistivity of enclosed air is higher than that of the soil layers and weathered rocks. The overburden thickness of the section is approximately 3.70m. The subsurface structures that can support construction works at the location fall within 0 to 18 horizontal position to a depth of 3.6m.

38-44
8

Title : Relationship between Interest Rate Cap and Access to Credit by Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in Kisumu County, Kenya

Authors : Osir Rosalyne Adhiambo, Dr Chesoli Joshua Wafula, Prof Ngacho Christopher

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The effectiveness of interest rate cap in controlling the supply of money to the micro, small and medium enterprises is acknowledged by scholars and practitioners. However, the mechanism by which such an intervention can improve access to credit by micro, small and medium enterprises is not fully understood. This study fills this research gap by investigating the relationship between interest rate cap and access to credit by micro, small and medium enterprises in Kisumu County, Kenya. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. The target population consisted of all the 1,472 micro, small and medium enterprise groups registered at the department of Social Services in Kisumu County, Kenya. A confidence level of 95% was adopted to obtain a representative sample based on the formula by Yamane Taro. A closed ended survey instrument was administered to a stratified sample of finance managers of the sampled 380 micro, small and medium enterprises. A Cronbach’s alpha of 0.801 confirmed the reliability of the instrument while its validity was assessed by expert opinion of finance professionals. Data diagnostic tests and descriptive analysis provided a basis for the inferential analysis, based on correlation and regression analysis. Results show that interest rate cap has a statistically significant influence on access to credit. These findings have significant implications for the theory, policy and practice of microfinance and central banking in Kenya and beyond. 

45-56
9

Title : Relationship between Cash Reserve Ratio and Access to Credit by Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in Kisumu County, Kenya

Authors : Osir Rosalyne Adhiambo, Dr Chesoli Joshua Wafula, Prof Ngacho Christopher

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The effectiveness of monetary interventions in controlling the supply of money to the micro, small and medium enterprises is acknowledged by scholars and practitioners. However, the mechanism by which such interventions improve access to credit by micro, small and medium enterprises is not fully understood. This study fills this research gap by investigating the relationship between monetary interventions and access to credit by micro, small and medium enterprises in Kisumu County, Kenya. The specific objectivewas to assess the relationship between cash reserve ratio and access to credit. The target population consisted of all the 1,472 micro, small and medium enterprise groups registered at the department of Social Services in Kisumu County, Kenya. A confidence level of 95% was adopted to obtain a representative sample based on the formula by Yamane Taro. A closed ended survey instrument was administered to a stratified sample of finance managers of the sampled 380 micro, small and medium enterprises. A Cronbach’s alpha of 0.801 confirmed the reliability of the instrument while its validity was assessed by expert opinion of finance professionals. Data diagnostic tests and descriptive analysis provided a basis for the inferential analysis, based on correlation and regression analysis. Results show cash reserve ratio has a statistically significant influence on access to credit. These findings have significant implications for the theory, policy and practice of microfinance and central banking in Kenya and beyond.

57
10

Title : Carcinogenic Risk from Heavy Metals Exposure in Oil Producing Areas of Niger Delta, Southern Nigeria

Authors : U.G. Eluke, J. Ugbebor, E. Membere

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The study assessed the concentration heavy metals and soil and water samples in oil producing communities of Rivers, Delta, Bayelsa and Akwa-Ibom states. The estimated daily intake of the metals and cancer risk of the inhabitants were also assessed. The average concentration of lead in water samples ranged from 0.27 ±0.08mg/L to 1.07 ±0.20mg/L. The Iron concentration ranged from 7.42 ±1.69mg/L to 11.09 ±1.45mg/L. The Zinc levels ranged from 15.69 ±1.67mg/L to 18.96 ±1.95mg/L. The arsenic concentration ranged from 0.02 ±0.01mg/L to 0.05 ±0.01 mg/L. The Nickel concentration ranged from 0.06 ±0.01mg/L to 0.14 ±0.02mg/L. The estimated daily intake of Cadmium, Nickel, Arsenic and lead was negligible (< 0.1mg/L).  The estimated daily intake of Zinc ranged from 0.70 to 0.91mg/L. The daily intake of iron ranged from 0.2 to 0.5mg/L.The estimated cancer risk of adult inhabitants in the study locations.  The risk for cancer ranged from 3.6 to 9.2 x10-3 in Rivers state. In Delta state, Cancer risk ranged between 1.8 to 8.6 x 10-3. In AkwaIbom, the risk ranged from 1.2 to 1.8 x 10-3. In Bayelsa state, the risk ranged from 1.2 to 4.1 x 10-3. There is a need for urgent actions need to be taken to treat water sources and curb environmental pollution in the oil producing states of the Niger Delta region.

70-73
11

Title : Critical Survey of Luo Ultural Practices and their Decline in the Face of Pandemics with Special Focus on COVID-19

Authors : Rt. Rev. Prof. David Hellingtone Kodia

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The origin, spread and impact of COVID-19 has had a far-reaching effect on the cultural practices of the Luo community of western Kenya. The research findings seek to establish the prevalent rate of COVID-19 amongst the Luo community and also to bring into focus the far-reaching effects of the pandemic on Luo cultural practices. In this paper there are critical observations that I will bring into focus in establishing the ripple effect of the pandemic on some of the practices which for a long time had been defining the Luo identity: greetings through handshake, sharing of meal from the same plate, feasting at funerals, impromptu visits to relatives, overnight stay in funeral places and wailing during funerals or whenever death occurs.

74-78
12

Title : Modelling the Single Diode PV Module MPP Characteristic Curves

Authors : S. U Muhammad, N. Achara, D K Garba, W Solomon, NCA Ozoekwe, H. O. Adikankwu

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The contribution of renewable energy in global energy demand and utilisation is now well established.  In the solar energy sector, the photovoltaic appears to be the most promising because of its ability to easily convert solar energy into electricity.   However, in operation, the characteristic curve of the photovoltaic is non linear and has the tendency to pitch power anywhere but the maximum power point.  For an enhanced performance, the inclination of the PV system to operate below the maximum power point has to be resolved.  Based on the single diode five parameters method, a photovoltaic module has been modelled and simulated in MATLAB/Simulink environment to obtain the characteristic curves.  The model predicts higher power output with increasing insolation and lower power output with increasing temperatures.  For validation, the predictions show fairly good agreement between the current model and a commercial multi-crystalline result.  The maximum difference between the current study prediction and the commercial data is 1.679%.

79-82
13

Title : Enhancing Africa’s Growth and Sustainable Development through Innovation and Technology Transformational Model

Authors : Bassey Asuquo Ekanem, Elizabeth Bassey Ekanem

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Technology and innovation are essential enablers for growth and sustainable development.  Over the years, there have been conscious efforts by Africans in the area of innovation and technology enhancement as evident in Remitta and M-Pesa for financial services, Way-C tablet in communications, M-Kopa in Energy, and Twiga in Agriculture and Food inclusion just to mention but a few.  However, even with these efforts, Africa is still ranked low in global innovation index (GII).  In fact, the highest ranked African countries namely Mauritius, South Africa, Tunisia and Kenya are placed 52, 60, 65 and 86 respectively out of 131 countries.  This research was designed to investigate the factors responsible for the low GII as well as recommend ways of enhancing it.   Based on the research findings, Innovation and Technology Transformational Model is presented as a veritable tool for enhancing Africa’s innovation and technology capacities to ensure growth and sustainable development.  

83-90